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Development Studies Research Methods

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Conceptual Foundation for Development I

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Tools and Policy Analysis for Development
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DVST 5100 3.0
Conceptual Foundations for Development I

Week 1: September 10
Introduction and Organization of Seminars

*E.A. Brett (2009), Reconstructing Development Theory: international inequality, institutional reform and social emancipation, London: Macmillan and Palgrave, Chapter 1: The Crisis in Development Theory: 17-33.

John Humphrey (2007), “Forty Years of Development Research: transformations and reformations”, IDS Bulletin 38(2), March 2007: 14-19.

Des Gasper (2004), The Ethics of Development: from economism to human development, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, Chapter 2: The Meaning of Development: 25-48.

Strongly Recommended
John Martinussen (1997), Society, State and Market: a guide to competing theories of development, London: Zed Books; Chapter 3: Conceptions and Dimensions of Development: 34-47.

Week 2: September 17
Development as a Field of Study

* Michael Edwards (1993), “How Relevant is Development Studies?” in Frans J. Schuurman, ed., Beyond the Impasse: new directions in development theory, London and New Jersey: Zed Books: 77-92.

Frans J Schuurman (2009), “Critical Development Theory: moving out of the twilight zone,” Third World Quarterly 30 (5): 831–848.

Eve Bratman (2011) “Development's Paradox: is Washington DC a Third World City? Third World Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 9, pp. 1541-1556

Gary Kline (2009), “Who Will Speak For the Voiceless?” Journal of Third World Studies; 26 (1): 11-15.

Uma Kothari ed. (2005), A Radical History of Development Studies: individuals, institutions and ideologies. London and New York: Zed Books.

David Simon ed. (2006), Fifty Key Thinkers on Development. London and New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.

Week 3: September 21
Conceptions and Dimensions of Development I

Gilbert Rist (2008), The History of Development: from Western origins to global faith, London and New York: Zed Books. Introduction and Chapters 1-4: 1-79.

*Michael Watts (1995), ‘A New Deal in Emotions’ Theory and practice and the crisis of development,” in Jonathan Crush, ed., Power of Development, London: Routledge: 44-62.

Strongly Recommended
E.A. Brett (2009), Reconstructing Development Theory: international inequality, institutional reform and social emancipation, London: Macmillan and Palgrave, Chapter 2: The Basic Assumptions of Development Theory: 34-49.

Frederick Cooper and Randall Packard eds. (1997), International Development and the Social Sciences: essays on the history and politics of knowledge. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, Introduction:1-41.

Deepak Lal (2000), The Poverty of ‘Development Economics’ Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000). Chapter 7 (“Postscript 1997”).

Leonard Binder (1986), “The Natural History of Development Theory,” Comparative Studies in Society and History 28 (1): 3-33.

Week 4: October 1
Conceptions and Dimensions of Development II

*Philip McMichael (2010), “Changing the Subject of Development”, in Philip McMichael (ed.), Contesting Development: critical struggles for social change, London and New York: Routledge: 1-12.

*Ananya Mukherjee Reed (2008), Human Development and Social Power: perspectives from South Asia, London and New York: Routledge, Chs. 1 & 6: 10-30 & 117-143.

*Robert Chambers (2005), Ideas for Development, London: Earthscan: 184-220.   


Maria Josefina Saldaña-Portillo (2003), The Revolutionary Imagination in the Americas and the Age of Development, Durham and London: Duke University Press. Chapter 1 “Introduction”, Chapter 2 “Development and Revolution: Narratives of Liberation and Regimes of Subjectivity in the Postwar Period,” and chapter 4 “Irresistible Seduction: Rural Subjectivity under Sandinista agricultural Policy” : 13-59 and 109-147.

Colin Leys (1996), The Rise and Fall of Development Theory. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, chapter 3 “Samuel Huntington and the End of Classical Modernization Theory”: 62-79.

Jan Nederveen Pieterse (1991), “Dilemmas of Development Discourse: the crisis of developmentalism and the comparative method,” Development and Change 22 (1): 5-29.

Week 5:  October 8
The Development Trajectory

Gilbert Rist (2008), The History of Development: from Western Origins to global faith, Chapters 5: 9-11, 80-92 & 140-239.

Mark T Berger (2004), “After the Third World? history, destiny and the fate of Third Worldism” Third World Quarterly, 25(1): 9-39.

Week 6: October 15
Post-development and Beyond

* Arturo Escobar (2008), Chapter 4 “Development,” in Territories of Difference: place, movements, life, redes, Durham and London: Duke University Press:156-199.

*Ilan Kapoor (2008), The Postcolonial Politics of Development, London and New York: Routledge: 19-37.

* Nanda Shrestha (2002), “Becoming a Development Category”, in Susanne Schech and Jane Haggis eds., Development: a cultural studies reader, Oxford: UK, Blackwell Publishers, 103-114.

Andrew Mcgregor (2007), “Development, Foreign Aid and Post-development in Timor-Leste,” Third World Quarterly, 28(1):155 – 170.

Strongly Recommended:
Neil Lazarus (2011), “What postcolonial theory doesn’t say,” Race & Class, Vol. 53(1): 3–27.

Jan Nederveen Pieterse (2000), “After post-development,” Third World Quarterly, 21(2): 175-191.

Aram Ziai (2004), “The Ambivalence of Post-development: between reactionary populism and radical democracy,” Third World Quarterly,  25(6):1045–1060.

Arturo Escobar (2002), “The Problematization of Poverty: the tale of three worlds and development”, in Susanne Schech & Jane Haggis eds., Development: a cultural studies reader, Oxford: UK, Blackwell Publishing: 79-92.

Arturo Escobar (1997), “The Making and Unmaking of the Third World Through Development,” in Majid Rahnema  with Victoria Bawtree (eds.) The Post-Development Reader,  London: Zed Books.

Jan Nederveen Pieterse (2000), “After post-development,” Third World Quarterly, 21(2): 175-191.

Ivan Illich (1997), “Development as Planned poverty,” in Majid Rahnema  with Victoria Bawtree (eds) The Post-Development Reader.  London: Zed Books.

Week 7: October 22
Globalization and Development

Ray Kiely (2007), The New Political Economy of Development: globalization, imperialism and hegemony, London: Palgrave/Macmillan: Chapter 5: Globalization and Contemporary Imperialism: theoretical debates: 76-105.

Roger King and Gavin Kendall (2004), The State, Democracy and Globalization, London: Palgrave and Macmillan, Chapter 6: Globalization137-165.

William I Robinson (2002), “Remapping development in light of Globalisation: from a Territorial to a Social Cartography.” Third World Quarterly, 2(6):1047–1071.

Tine Davids and Francien Van Driel (2009), “The Unhappy Marriage between
Gender and Globalisation,”Third World Quarterly, 30(5): 905–920.

* Robin Broad and John Cavanagh (2000), “The Death of the Washington Consensus?” in Walden Bello et. al., eds., Global Finance: new thinking on regulating speculative capital markets, London: Zed Books: 83-95.

Strongly Recommended:
Ha-Joon Chang (2003), Globalisation, Economic Development and the Role of the State,London and New York: Zed Books.  Introduction, Chapter 1 “Theories of State Intervention in Historical Perspective,”  and Chapter 3 “An Institutionalist Perspective on the Role of the State: Towards an Institutionalist Political Economy” :1- 43 and 75-103.

Philip McMichael (2008), Development and Social Change: a global perspective, Los Angeles, Pine Forge Press, Ch 1: 1-22.   

Jan Nederveen Pieterse (2001), Development Theory: deconstructions/reconstructions, London: Sage Publications, Ch 4: “Delinking or Globalization?” 51-59.

Richard Peet (2009), Unholy Trinity: The IMF, World Bank and WTO, London and New York: Zed Books, Ch 2: 36-65.

Graham Harrison (2005) “Economic Faith, Social Project and a Misreading of African Society: the travails of neoliberalism in Africa” Third World Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 8: 1303 – 1320.

John Martinussen (1997), Society, State and Market: a guide to competing theories of development, London: Zed Books, Ch. 18: State or Market: 237-56.

Martin Loney et. al., eds. (1997), The State or the Market: politics and welfare in contemporary Britain, London: Sage Publications.

Joseph E. Stiglitz (2002), Globalization and its Discontents. New York and London: Norton. Chapters 1 “The Promise of Global Institutions” and 2 “Broken Promises”:3-52.

Herman M. Schwartz (2010), States versus Markets: the emergence of a global economy, 3rd edition, London: Palgrave.

Week 8: October 29
Aid and Development

Janet Hunt (2008), “Aid and Development”, in Damien Kingsbury et al., International Development: issues and challenges, London: Palgrave/Macmillan: 74-103.

Carol Lancaster (2007), Foreign Aid: diplomacy, development, domestic politics, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Chapter 2: Aid’s Purposes: a brief history: 25-61.

Emma Mawdsley (2012), From Recipients to Donors: emerging powers and the changing development landscape, London: Zed Books, Chapter 1: Contexts: the rising powers and mainstream foreign aid: 17-47. 

Fahimul Quadir (2013), "Rising Donors and the New Narrative of ‘South-South’ Cooperation: what prospects for changing the landscape of development cooperation programs? Third World Quarterly 34 (2): March: 323-340.

Strongly Recommended:
Steen Folke and Henrik Nielsen (2006), “Introduction: aid relations, aid impact and poverty reduction”, in Steen Folke and Henrik Nielsen eds., Aid Impact and Poverty Reduction, London: Palgrave/Macmillan: 1-27

Gregory Chin and Fahimul Quadir (2012), “Introduction:  Rising States, Rising Donors and the Global Aid Regime,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 25(4): December: 493-506.

Andy Summer and Richard Mallett, The Future of Foreign Aid: development cooperation and the new geography of global poverty, London: Palgrave/Macmillan, 2013.

Sadhvi Dar and Bill Cooke (2008), The New Development Management: critiquing the dual modernization, London: Zed Books.

Week 9: November 5

Co-curricular week: no class meeting.

Week 10: Nov 12
Gender and Development

Priti Ramamurthy (2000), “Indexing alternatives: feminist development studies and global political economy,” Feminist Theory 1(2): 239 – 256.

* Jane L. Parpart (1995), “Post-Modernism, Gender and Development,” in J. Crush, op. cit.: 253-265.

Shahra Razavi (2007), “Liberalisation and the Debates on Women’s Access to
Land,” Third World Quarterly, 28(8): pp. 1479 – 1500.

Ruth Pearson (2007), “Beyond Women Workers: gendering CSR,” Third World Quarterly, 28(4): 731 – 749.


Maxine Molyneux and Shahra Razavi (2005), “Beijing Plus Ten: an ambivalent record on gender justice,” Development and Change 36(6): 983–1010.

Ruth Pearson (1998), “‘Nimble Fingers’ Revisited: reflection on women and Third World industrialization in the late twentieth century,” in Cecile Jackson and Ruth Pearson (eds) Feminist Visions of Development: gender, analysis and policy, London and New York: Routledge.

Bernadette P. Resurreccion (2006), “Gender, Identity and Agency in Philippine Upland Development.” Development and Change 37(2): 375–400.

Research essay is due

Week 11: Nov 19
State and Development: bringing the state back in

*Roger King and Gavin Kendall (2004), The State, Democracy and Globalization, London: Palgrave and Macmillan, Chapter 1: Why Study the State: 1-19.

* Francis Fukuyama (2004), State-Building:  governance and world order in the 21st century, Ithaca, NY:  Cornell University Press. Chapter 1: 1-42.

* Peter Evans (1992), “The State as Problem and Solution: Predation, Embedded Autonomy, and Structural Change,” in Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman, eds., The Politics of Economic Adjustment, Princeton: Princeton UP:139-181.

* Susan Strange (1996), The Retreat of the State: the diffusion of power in the world economy, New York: Cambridge University Press: 3-15.

Strongly Recommended:
Graham Harrison (2005), “Economic Faith, Social Project and a Misreading of African Society: the travails of neoliberalism in Africa” Third World Quarterly, 26(8): 1303 – 1320.

Cal Clark and Jonathan Lemco (1988), “The Strong State in Development: a growing list of caveats”, in Cal Clark, Jonathan Lemco eds., State and Development, New York, E.J. Brill: 1-8.

Theda Scocpol (1985), “Bringing the State Back In: strategies of analysis in current research”, in Peter B. Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Theda Skocpol, eds.,  Bringing the State Back in, London, NY: Cambridge University Press: 3-43.

DeveshKapur (2002), The State in a Changing World: a critique of the 1997 world development report, Working Paper 02–04, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University.

Louis Putterman, and Dietrich Rueschemeyer, eds.(1992), State and Market in Development: synergy or rivalry? Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

Week 12: November 26
The Missing Ingredient? ‘social capital’ and development

Ben Fine (1999), “The Developmental State is Dead: long live social capital?” Development and Change, 30: 1-19.

Anju Vajja And Howard White (2008), “Can the World Bank Build Social Capital? The Experience of Social Funds in Malawi and Zambia,” Journal of Development Studies, 44(8): 1145–1168.

Maxine Molyneux (2002), “Gender and the Silences of Social Capital: lessons from Latin America,” Development and Change 33(2): 167–188

David Mosse  (2006), “Collective Action, Common Property, and Social Capital in South India: An Anthropological Commentary,” Economic Development And Cultural Change 54(3): 695-724.

Anthony Bebbington and Thomas Perreault (1999), “Social Capital, Development, and Access to Resources in Highland Ecuador,” Economic Geography (75) 4: 395-418.

James Farr (2004), “Social Capital: a conceptual history,” Political Theory 32 (1): 6-33.

Simon Bridge, Brendan Murtagh, and Ken O’Neill (2009), Understanding the social economy and the third sector, Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Week 13: December 3
Democracy and Development

Agnes van Ardenne-van der Hoeven ((2008), “Development Starts at the ballot Box”, in Bernard Bernendsen, ed., Democracy and Development, Mauritskade, Amsterdam: KIT Publishers): 19-30.

Dietrich Rueschemeyer (1991), “Different Methods - Contradictory Results? research on development and democracy,” International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 32:1/2: 9-38.

Christine Keating (2003), “Developmental Democracy and Its Inclusions: globalization and the transformation of participation,” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 29(2): 417-437.

John Holloway (2002), “Zapatismo and the Social Sciences,” Capital & Class,78: 153-60.

Mabel Thwaites Rey (2005), “The state as a contradiction,”
Atilio A. Borón (2005), “Holloway on power and the ‘state illusion’,” both in Capital and Class 85:30-38.

Strongly Recommended:
Roger King and Gavin Kendall (2004), The State, Democracy and Globalization, London: Palgrave and Macmillan, Chapter 4: Democracy and the State: 83-110.

Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Evelyne Huber Stephens and John D. Stephens (1992), Capitalist Development and Democracy, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Atilio Borón (1995), State, Capitalism, and Democracy in Latin America, Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner.

Devesh Kapur and Moisés Naím (2005), “The IMF and Democratic Governance,” Journal of Democracy 16 (1): 89-102.

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