Social Science 3800 6.0A
Development Studies Research methods
Course Director: Dr. Fahimul Quadir Class Room: South 172 Ross
Tel: 66937 Wednesdays 11:30-2:30
Office: 319 Founders
Office Hours: Tuesdays 10:00 to 11:30 and by appointment
Development policy analysis and evaluation have undergone major changes over the last several years. The emerging new realization that development is not a one-way traffic has prompted the need for donor countries and lending agencies to adopt a participatory approach to policy/program/project assessment. What is unique about such new evaluation approaches is that they are creating opportunities, at least theoretically, for beneficiaries to influence both the policy-making and assessment processes. Most evaluations are now done in consultation with stakeholders simply to ensure the more productive and appropriate use of scarce donor resources.
The aim of this term is to understand some of these changes through a systematic examination of a few assessment frameworks that are used by both donors and practitioners. In so doing, we plan to place the notion of impact assessment in the broader context of international development. The class will explore key methods, concepts and practices that are associated with impact assessment. Besides, the focus of this term would be on the quantitative techniques.
The structure of the class for this term will remain the same as the last semester. The first 90 minutes will be used to introduce the topic at hand. Lectures will often begin with the general question of that week’s specific topic and then will take the class through the fundamental logic of that particular topic. To make complex assessment methods a bit more understandable, the lectures will use concrete examples drawing from the analyses of development practitioners. In the second half, the class will meet for group presentations.
This term the class will use a slightly different format in order to make group presentations little more relevant and interesting. Since the major objective of this term is to offer a comprehensive review of evaluation methods and/or practices that are widely used by development organizations, I would encourage you to find a recent evaluation report on any relevant development projects published by such major donor countries and organizations as the World Bank, UN, WHO, ILO, WFP, UNDP, UNESCO, CIDA, and USAID. Most of their assessments can be accessed through their web sites. The goal of your presentation would be to:
When preparing for your presentation, I would strongly encourage you to follow the guidelines noted below:
The research proposal will be due on or before March 2, 2005. The purpose of this assignment is to make you familiar with the art of writing an academic proposal that may or may not require financial support from granting organizations. Based on the discussion of the previous term on Research Design, you will be required to put together your research proposal that includes the following few components:
The proposals will be graded on the basis of the content (relevance, accuracy, comprehensiveness and concepts will be examined very carefully), research (Issues that will be examined: quality of research, the effective use of source materials and the appropriate use of citations; be sure to avoid the excessive use of web-based sources), the methods employed in your study (how effective are they in collecting appropriate data; to what extent can these methods allow you to validate your findings?), and presentation/organization (be sure to aim for clarity, use a standard academic format and avoid grammatical mistakes).
Consult your course director for advice on writing your proposal.
Please refer to the previous outline (Fall 2004) for information on grading, and assignments.
In addition to the text by Babbie and Benaquisto, we will be using the course kit for the winter term as well.
I am also planning to put a few other source materials on Reserve which we will be using time to time.
Section Three: The New Development Reality--- applied and evaluation research
Babbie and Benaqusito, Chapter 11; pp. 347-366
Rubin, Frances, A Basic Guide to Evaluation for Development Workers (London, Oxfam, 1995), pp. 25-28.*
World Bank, The World Bank Participation Source Book (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1994), Chapters 1, 3 & 4: What is participation? Practice Pointers in Participatory Planning and Decision-Making, Practice Pointers in Enabling the Poor to Participate*
This book is available free on the web at http://www.worldbank.org/wbi/sourcebook/sbhome.htm
Rocheleau, Diane and Rachel Slocum, "Participation in Context: key questions", in Slocum, Rachel at el. (eds.), Power, Process and Participation: tools for change (London: ITDG Publishing, 1995), pp. 17-30.*
Participatory Action Research
Rahman, Muhammad Anisur, People’s Self-Development: perspectives on participatory action research (London: Zed books, 1994), pp. 74-94.*
Swantz, Marja-Liisa, Maclure, "My Road to Participatory Action Research", in Cornwal, Andrea and Garett Pratt (eds.), Pathways to Participation: reflections on PRA (London: ITDG Publishing, 2003), pp. 196-202.*
Impact Assessment 1: Participatory Rural Appraisal/Rapid Rural Appraisal
Chambers, Robert, Whose Really Counts: putting the first last (London: ITDG Publishing, 1997), pp. 102-129.*
Mainstreaming Gender in Development Planning
Moser, Caroline O.N., Gender Planning and Development: theory, practice and training (London and New York: Routledge, 1993), pp. 83-107.*
Gwaba, Regis M, "Reflection on PRA, Participation and Gender", in Andrea and Garett Pratt (eds.), Pathways to Participation: reflections on PRA (London: ITDG Publishing, 2003), pp. 88-93.*
Impact Assessment 2: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Forlage, C.A., Environmental Assessment: a practical guide (Aldershot, England: Gower Publishing Company, 1990), pp. 1-12 & 64-81.*
Reading Week: No Class Meeting.
Planning, Monitoring, and Evaluation I: The Logical Framework Approach
AusAID, The Logical Framework Approach http://www.ausaid.gov.au/ausguide/ausguidelines/1.cfm
Aune, Jens B., "Logical Framework Approcah and PRA – mutually exclusive or complementary tools for project planning", in Eade, Deborah (ed.), Development Methods and Approaches: critical reflections (London: Oxfam2003), pp. 214-219.*
Planning, Monitoring, and Evaluation II: Results-Based Management
Lavergne, Real, Results-Based Management and Accountability for Enhanced Aid Effectiveness, Mimeo, CIDA, 2002.
Research Proposal is due.
Section Four: Development Research Methods--- quantitative techniques
Data Preparation, Analysis, and Computerization
Babbie and Benaquisto, chapter 15: 397-408 (I would encourage you to read chapter 14 as well)
Elementary Statistics for Social Research: Overview of Basic Statistical Concepts
Babbie and Benaquisto, chapter 16: 411-39
Elementary Statistics for Social Research: Regression Analyses and Inferential Statistics
Babbie and Benaquisto, chapter 16: 439-59.
*Please note that articles/book chapters with an asterisk mark are included in the Course Kit.