This course offers a concise, yet critical and systematic analysis of development planning and management. It emphasizes a close link between development theory and practice, and thus aims to provide a deeper understanding of the processes by which development plans are formulated, projects are designed, and programs are implemented. Its main purpose is to demonstrate how the changing language of development requires appropriate tools and methods to more effectively plan and manage development at different levels—local, national, and international.
In addition to introducing traditional planning theories and/or planning techniques/models/methods, this course draws on the burgeoning literature on development practice to simply review the changing principles of development planning and evaluation. It aims to develop a comparative perspective on various planning structures in the developing world, many of them are currently in the process of moving towards, albeit slowly, participatory planning. In particular, this course focuses on the new innovative techniques designed to allow both governments and non-government organizations to work together to achieve the broader goals of sustainable human development in the 21 st century.
This course, thus, focuses on such key issues/topics as participation, gender, environment, democratic development, and development alternatives. Drawing on the analysis presented by scholars, policy-makers, and managers, it explores relevant case studies to identify the ways in which pro-people policies/projects/programs are both designed and implemented.
STRUCTURE OF THE CLASS
This course will be organized around a three-hour weekly session consisting of primarily lectures and presentations by class-members. In the first half, the class will meet for lectures on the topic at hand that will serve as the basis for understanding various issues central to development planning and evaluation. The second half will be devoted to mainly student-led presentations, where the class-members will have the opportunity to present group/individual projects on planning/evaluation related topics, themes, and concepts.
The course director will use the last few minutes to summarize the topic of the day. In both sessions, the class-members will be able to respond to a broad range of relevant issues on development planning.
You are expected to make efforts to do all assigned readings in advance of class and to submit the assignments on time. You will also need to demonstrate your serious interests in the field of Development Studies.
Based on careful reading of source materials listed in the course outline , everyone is required to participate in and contribute to both class discussions and presentations. Participation grades will be based on contributions to class discussions and attendance records. More than four absences in the entire academic year (Fall and Winter) will result in a failure in the participation mark.
Each of you will be required to make at least two oral presentations to the class during the next 24 weeks. Given that the main purpose of this class is to make class-members familiar with the changing structures of development planning and management, I would expect you to focus on a specific development plan (this can be on a very specific issue, such as women, poverty reduction, environmental protection, and social justice) within a particular country. The plan can address either a macro or a micro level problem. Please note that development plans can be devised by either a government agency or an NGO.
Your task will include the following:
Should you have any questions, please talk to your course director at your earliest convenience.
When preparing for your presentation, I would strongly encourage you to follow the guidelines noted below:
The presenter (s) will be encouraged to use overheads, videos, and other audio-visual aids simply to make the presentation both stimulating and interesting. The presenter (s) will also be required to submit a 3-page written summary (double-spaced) of the presentation topic in advance. Your summary will include, among other things, a brief review of the chosen plan, an assessment of the plan, and a bibliography of the works consulted.
In order to facilitate debates and/or discussions, the written summary must be submitted to the instructor via the Internet at least two days prior to the class at which it will be presented.
The presentation schedule will be finalized by the second week of this term.
Review of a country plan:
Each of the class-member will be required to submit what I would call an overview essay of the planning process of a development country of your choice, subject to the approval of the course director. Your main goal would be to provide a brief, yet through analysis of the history of development planning in that country. In your essay, you will identify, among other things, the following:
Grades will be based on the quality of your research, your analysis, your understanding of the planning process, and the organization of your essay. This assignment will be approximately 10 pages in length, including the bibliography (double-spaced) and will be due on or before November 4, 2004 . Late essays will be marked down 5% per day.
Research essay (case study) :
You will be required to submit a research essay of a development plan that interests you most. Your purpose will be to explore a planning case involving a development challenge to provide a critical examination of the planning process used in your chosen case/plan. What goals it sought to achieve? Did the plan adopt a participatory technique? Did the plan involve any structures of engagement, mediation and negotiation? How successful were the planners in seeking and listening to the views of beneficiaries?
Grades will be based on the quality of your research, your analysis, your understanding of the planning process, and the organization of your essay. The essay should be no more than 12 pages in length, including the bibliography (double-spaced; the font size must be 12 points) which will be due on or before March 10, 2005 . Late essays will be marked down 5% per day.
There will be a mid-term and a final examination. Both the mid-term and final exams will be held in class on the on the last day of our meeting in each term (i.e. November 25, 2004 and for the Fall term and March 31, 2005 for the Winter term).
Please note that non-submission of work without an approved extension from the instructor will be accredited with the mark of "0". In order to receive a final grade, the class-member will have to receive a grade in each of the distributions noted above.
The class will use a Course Kit which would include all the assigned readings for the fall term. You can access the Kit through Scott’s reserve section.
The following list is expected to help class-members develop a better understanding of development planning. I would strongly encourage you to consult the following books on a regular basis:
Alexander, Ernest R., Approaches to Planning: introducing current planning theories, concepts and issues (New York: Gordon and Breach, 1986);
Beaudoux, E et al., Supporting Development Action (London: Macmillan, 1992);
Brinkerhoff, Derick W. and Benjamin L. Crosby, Managing Policy Reforms: concepts and tools for decision-makers in developing and transitioning countries ( Bloomfield , CT : Kumarian, 2002);
Caiden, Naomi and Aron Wildavosky, Planning and Budgeting in Poor Countries (London: Transaction Publishers, 1990);
Conyers, Daina and Peter Hills , An Introduction to Development Planning in the Third World (New York: John Wiley, 1984);
Cornwall , Andrea and Garett Pratt (eds.), Pathways to Participation: reflections on PRA ( London : ITDG, 2003);
Eade, Deborah, Capacity-Building: an approach to people-centered development (London: Oxfam, 1997);
Earl, Sarah et al, Outcome Mapping: building learning and reflection into development programs ( Ottawa : IDRC, 2001);
Flaudi, Andreas, A Reader in Planning Theory (Oxford, Pergamon Press, 1973);
Friedmann, John, Planning in the Public Domain: from knowledge to action (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987);
Horton, Douglas et al, Evaluating Capacity Development: experiences from research and development organizations around the world ( Ottawa : IDRC, 2003);
Kaufman, Michael and Haroldo Dilla Alfonso (eds.), Community Power and Grassroots Democracy: the transformation of social life (London: Zed books, 1997);
Lewis, David and Tina Wallace (eds.), New Roles and Relevance: development NGOs and the challenge of change ( Bloomfield , CT : Kumarian, 2000);
Macdonald, Mandy, Gender Planning in Development Agencies: meeting the challenge (London: Oxfam, 1994);
Saeed, Khalid, Development Planning and Policy Design (Aldershot, England: Avebury, 1994);
Slocum, Rachel et al. (eds.), Power, Process and Participation: tools for change (London: ITDG, 1995);
Smillie, Ian and John Hailey, Managing for Change: leadership, strategy and management in Asian NGOs ( London : Earthscan, 2001);
Veltmeyer, Henry and Anthony O’ Malley (eds.), Transcending Neoliberalism: community-based development in Latin America (Bloomfield, Kumarian, 2001);
Waterston, Albert, Development Planning: lessons of experience (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979);
*Please note that articles/book chapters with an asterisk mark are included in the Course Packet.
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