Muhammad Ali Khalidi

Department of Philosophy, York University

S428 Ross Building, 4700 Keele Street

Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3

khalidi@yorku.ca

http://www.yorku.ca/khalidi/

 

Education

 

PhD, awarded with distinction, Philosophy, Columbia University, 1991

 

MA, Philosophy, Columbia University, 1987

 

BS, Physics, American University of Beirut, 1984

 

Academic Positions

 

York University: Professor, Department of Philosophy (2015-); Associate Professor (2008-2014); Assistant Professor (2007-2008); Chair, Department of Philosophy (2015-); Coordinator, Cognitive Science Program (2009-2012, 2013-2015)

 

American University of Beirut (AUB): Chair, Department of Philosophy (1998-2005); Associate Professor (2002-2007); Assistant Professor (1997-2002)

 

University of Minnesota: Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy (2005-2006; sabbatical)

 

University of Virginia: Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy (Spring 2003)

 

University of Nevada, Reno: Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy (1996-97)

 

University of Chicago: Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Philosophy and Division of the Humanities (1993-96)

 

Columbia University: Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow, Society of Fellows in the Humanities (1991-93)

 

Grants and Awards

 

LA&PS Research Release Award, 2015-2016

 

Ad Hoc Travel Grant, York University, 2015

 

York University Faculty Association Research Development Fund Award, 2014-2015

 

LA&PS Research Release Award, 2013-2014

 

SSHRC Travel Grant, York University, 2013

 

Ad Hoc Travel Grant, York University, 2013

 

LA&PS Minor Research Grant, York University, 2012

 

LA&PS International Travel Grant, York University, 2012

 

SSHRC Travel Grant, York University, 2012

 

York University Faculty Association Teaching-Learning Development Grant, 2011

 

SSHRC Travel Grant, York University, 2009

 

Summer Research Grant, Center for American Studies and Research, AUB, 2006

 

Teaching Excellence Award, AUB, 2005

 

University Research Board Grant, AUB, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2004-2005

 

Mellon Foundation Summer Grant, Center for Behavioral Research, AUB, July-August 1998

 

Co-Organizer, Conference on Science, Technology, and Society, Mellon Foundation Grant awarded to Center for Behavioral Research, AUB, November 1998

 

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Grant: Seminar on the Metaphysics of Mind (Director: Prof. John Heil), Cornell University, June-August 1996

 

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Grant: Seminar on Mental Representation (Director: Prof. Robert Cummins), University of Arizona, June-August 1993

 

Columbia University graduate school awards: Whiting Dissertation Fellowship, 1990-91; President’s Fellowship, 1986-87 and 1987-88; David H. Siff Philosophy of Science Award, 1986

 

Publications

 

Books

 

Natural Categories and Human Kinds: Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013

 

Reviewed in: Mind; British Journal for the Philosophy of Science; Metascience; Dialogue; International Studies in the Philosophy of Science; Journal for General Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of the Social Sciences; Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science; Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences; Analysis & Metaphysics; Quarterly Review of Biology

 

Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings (Editor and Translator), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005

 

Reviewed in: Journal of the History of Philosophy; Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews; Journal of the American Oriental Society; Speculum: A Journal of Mediaeval Studies; Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale; Islam and Science; Muslim World Book Review

 

Articles in Refereed Journals

 

“Neural Correlates without Reduction: The Case of the Critical Period,” Synthese, in press (online first: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11229-017-1439-3)

 

“Crosscutting Psycho-Neural Taxonomies: The Case of Episodic Memory,” Philosophical Explorations 20 (2017), 191-208

“Natural Kinds as Nodes in Causal Networks,” Synthese, in press (online first: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11229-015-0841-y)

 

“Innateness as a Natural Cognitive Kind,” Philosophical Psychology, 29 (2016), 319-333

 

“Mind-Dependent Kinds,” Journal of Social Ontology 2 (2016), 223-246

“Three Kinds of Social Kinds,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2015), 96-112

 

“The Pitfalls of Microphysical Realism,” Philosophy of Science 78 (2011), 1156-1164

 

“Interactive Kinds,” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (2010), 335-360

 

“How Scientific Is Scientific Essentialism?” Journal for General Philosophy of Science 40 (2009), 85-101

 

“Should We Eliminate the Innate?  Reply to Griffiths and Machery,” Philosophical Psychology 22 (2009), 505-519

 

“Temporal and Counterfactual Possibility,” Sorites 20 (2008), 37-42

 

“Innate Cognitive Capacities,” Mind & Language 22 (2007), 92-115

 

“Orientalisms in the Interpretation of Islamic Philosophy,” Radical Philosophy 135 (2006), 25-33

 

“Against Functional Reductionism in Cognitive Science,” International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (2005), 319-333

 

“Al-F?r?b? on the Democratic City,” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (2003), 379-394

 

“Nature and Nurture in Cognition,” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (2002), 251-272

 

“Innateness and Domain Specificity,” Philosophical Studies 105 (2001), 191-210

 

“Natural Kinds and Crosscutting Categories,” Journal of Philosophy 95 (1998), 33-50

 

“Incommensurability in Cognitive Guise,” Philosophical Psychology 11 (1998), 29-43

 

“Averroes' Method of Re-Interpretation,” International Philosophical Quarterly 38 (1998), 175-185

 

“Two Concepts of Concept,” Mind & Language 10 (1995), 402-422

 

“Carving Nature at the Joints,” Philosophy of Science 60 (1993), 100-113

 

 

Book Chapters and Proceedings

 

“Natural Kinds,” in P. Humphreys (ed.) Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Oxford: Oxford University Press, in press

 

“Zaki Najib Mahmud, Nahwa Falsafah `Ilmiyyah (Towards a Scientific Philosophy),” in K. El-Rouayheb and Sabine Schmidtke (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, in press

 

“Naturalizing Kinds,” in B. Bashour and H. Muller (eds.), Contemporary Philosophical Naturalism and Its Implications, London: Routledge, 2013

 

“Kinds: Natural vs. Human Kinds,” in B. Kaldis (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2013

 

“What Is Domain Specificity (and Why Does It Matter)?” in S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Austin, TX, 2010: Cognitive Science Society, pp. 194-199

 

“Incommensurability,” in W.H. Newton-Smith (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Science, Oxford: Blackwell, 2000

 

“Formulating the Right of National Self-Determination,” in T. Kapitan (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, New York: Sharpe, 1997

 

Book Reviews and Commentaries

 

(with Joshua Mugg) “The Inherent Bias in Positing an Inherence Heuristic: Commentary on Cimpian & Salomon,” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2014), 493-494

 

“The Perils of a Science of Intentional Change: Commentary on Wilson, Hayes, Biglan & Embry,” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2014), 427-428

 

Review of Crawford Elder, Real Natures and Familiar Objects, Mind 115 (2006), 149-152

 

Review of Joseph LaPorte, Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change, Philosophy of Science 72 (2005), 519-523

 

Review of Ian Hacking, Historical Ontology, Philosophy of Science 70 (2003), 449-452

 

Review of Alicia Juarrero, Dynamics in Action: Intentional Behavior as a Complex System, Philosophical Review 110 (2001), 469-472

 

Review of Jerry Fodor, The Elm and the Expert, Biology and Philosophy 12 (1997), 275-280

 

Review of Jerry Fodor and Ernest Lepore, Holism, Mind 102 (1993), 650-654

 

Invited Lectures

 

“Law as a Social Kind,” Prospects of Naturalistic Jurisprudence Workshop, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Toronto, 11/16

 

“Mind-Dependent Kinds,” Philosophy of Science Association Biennial Conference, Atlanta, 11/16

 

“Crosscutting Psycho-Neural Kinds,” Conference on New Trends in Metaphysics of Science, Sorbonne, Paris, 12/15; Conference on Rethinking the Taxonomy of Psychology, Western University, London, Ontario, 04/16; Department of Philosophy, University of Illinois, Chicago, 09/16

 

“Whose Land Is It Anyway? Territorial Rights and the Question of Palestine,” Conference on Human Rights and the Palestinian Situation, Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, 01/16

 

“Natural Psychological Kinds: The Curious Case of ASMR,” Workshop on Natural and Social Kinds, KU Leuven, Belgium 05/15; Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology, New Orleans, 04/15

 

“Critical Questions about the Critical Period,” Philosophy of Science Association Biennial Meeting, 11/14; Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Toronto, 07/14

 

“In Defense of Human Kinds,” Faculty Keynote Lecture, Philosophy Graduate Students Association Conference, York University, 04/14

 

“Natural Kinds as Nodes in Causal Networks,” Symposium on Causation and Natural Kinds, Institute for History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (IHPST), Université Paris 1, Paris, 03/14

 

(with Tarif Khalidi) “Is Physiognomy a Science? Reflections on Kitab al-Firasa by Fakhr al-Din al-Razi,” Conference on the Occult Sciences in Pre-Modern Islamic Culture,” Beirut, 12/13

 

“Wherein Does Language Influence Thought?” European Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Granada, Spain, 07/13

 

“Natural Cognitive Kinds: Innateness as a Case Study,” Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice,” Toronto, 06/13; European Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Granada, Spain, 07/13

 

“Natural Kinds, Social Kinds, Eternal Kinds, Copied Kinds,” Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science, University of Victoria, 06/13

 

“Scientific Dualism and Theological Materialism: Avicenna and the History of the Philosophy of Mind,” Society for Philosophy and Culture, McMaster University, 04/13

 

“Three Kinds of Social Kinds,” American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division), San Francisco, 03/13; Western Canadian Philosophical Association Annual Conference, Victoria, 10/12

 

“Biological Kinds as Special-Science Kinds,” Society for Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science in Spain, 7th Annual Conference, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 07/12

 

“Naturalizing Kinds: Taxonomy in the Natural and Social Sciences,” Conference on the Metaphysics of Evolutionary Naturalism, Beirut, 05/11

 

“The Pitfalls of Microphysical Realism,” Philosophy of Science Association Conference, Montreal, 11/10

 

“Uses and Abuses of the Laws of War,” Philosophers for Peace, University of Toronto, 11/10

 

“What Is Domain Specificity (and Why Does It Matter)?” Cognitive Science Society Conference, Portland, 08/10; Faculty-Student Forum, York University, 11/10

 

“Making Up Our Minds: Human Categories and Interactive Kinds,” Keynote Address, Undergraduate Philosophy Conference, University of Toronto at Scarborough, 03/10

 

“Which Truth?  Whose Power?  Chomsky and Said on the Public Role of the Intellectual in the United States,” Conference of the Center for American Studies and Research, American University of Beirut, 1/10

 

“The Trivialization of Essentialism about Kinds,” Metaphysics of Science Conference, Nottingham 09/09

 

“Are All Interactive Kinds Human Kinds?” Philosophy of Science Association Conference, Pittsburgh 11/08

 

“Making Up Our Minds: Human Categories and Interactive Kinds,” Keynote Lecture, Undergraduate Philosophy Conference, Washington and Jefferson College, 4/08

 

“Interactive Kinds,” Department of Philosophy, York University, 1/08

 

“The Arab Street: Tracking a Political Metaphor,” Center for American Studies and Research, AUB, 11/06

 

Comment on Matthew Rellihan, “The Medium Is Not the Message,” American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meeting, Portland, 3/06

 

“Innate Cognitive Capacities,” Department of Philosophy, York University, Toronto, 1/06

 

“Teaching Islamic Philosophy,” Department of Philosophy, University of Regina, 1/06

 

“Orientalism, Neo-Orientalism, and Oriental Orientalism in the Interpretation of Islamic Philosophy,” Conference in Homage to Edward Said, Université Paris 7-Denis Diderot, Paris 9/04; University of Regina 2/06

 

“The Light of Reason and the Right of Return,” panel on “Can Reason Be a Basis for Dialogue in the Middle East?” American Philosophical Association, Central Division Meeting, Chicago, 4/04

 

“Freedom in Islamic Philosophy: al-Farabi on the Democratic City,” Department of Philosophy, University of Virginia, 4/03; Department of Philosophy, City College of New York, 3/03, Center for Middle Eastern Studies and Department of Philosophy, University of Arizona, 9/01

 

 “Translating Islamic Philosophy: Literal Discourse and the Cultural Imaginary,” Southwest Regional Conference on Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, University of Arizona, 8/02

 

“Innateness and Domain Specificity,” American Philosophical Association, Central Division Meeting, Minneapolis, 5/01

 

“Two Models of Innateness,” Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Twenty Fifth Anniversary Meeting, Stanford University, 6/99

 

“Taxonomic Incommensurability or Crosscutting Categories?” Conference on Incommensurability, University of Hanover, Germany, 6/99

 

Comment on Omar Dahbour, “The Ethics of Political Self-Determination,” American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, 12/97

 

“Is the Child the Parent of the Scientist?” Leonard Endowment Lecture, Philosophy Department, University of Nevada, Reno, 3/97

 

“Incommensurability in Cognitive Guise,” Cognitive Science Colloquium, Psychology Department, University of Chicago, 5/96

 

“Poisons and Parasites: Incommensurability and Crosscutting Categories,” Philosophy Department, University of Maryland at Baltimore County, 2/96

 

“Two Concepts of Concept,” Philosophy Department, University of California at Berkeley, 2/95; Philosophy Department, University of Chicago, 2/95

 

“Conceptual Change,” Philosophy Department, Emory University, 2/93; Society of Fellows, Columbia University, 10/91

 

“Methodological Issues in Islamic Philosophy,” conference sponsored by the Society for the Study of Islamic Philosophy and Science, New York, 10/91

 

“Science and Reference,” Philosophy Department, Wellesley College, 2/91; Philosophy Department, AUB, 6/90

 

“Canon, Kanon, Qanun: The Idea of Western Civilization,” Society of Fellows, Columbia University, 4/93; Civilization Sequence Program, AUB, 1/90

 

Courses Taught

 

Graduate level:

Metaphysics of Science: Reduction and Emergence (York)

Major Problems in the Philosophy of Mind (York)

Philosophy of Social Science (York)

Metaphysics: Natural Kinds (York)

Core Theoretical Philosophy I & II (York)

Philosophy of Cognitive Science (AUB)

American Pragmatism and Its Critics (AUB)

Innate Ideas (AUB)

The Morality of Nationalism (AUB, Virginia)

Philosophy of Psychology (Nevada)

Nativism and the Mind (Nevada)

Islamic Philosophy (Chicago)

Semantics and Pragmatics (Columbia)

 

Undergraduate level:

Seminar in Philosophy of Mind: The Innate Mind (York)

Seminar in Philosophy of Mind: Language and Thought (York)

Cognitive Science Honors Seminar (York)

Seminar in Philosophy of Mind: Innate Ideas (York)

Philosophy of Language (York, AUB)

Minds, Brains, and Machines (York)

Islamic Philosophy (York, AUB, Virginia, Nevada)

The Meaning of Life (York)

Philosophy of Science (AUB)

Philosophy of Mind (AUB)

History of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (AUB)

Philosophical Classics (AUB)

Science and Society (AUB)

Modern and Contemporary Civilization I (AUB)

Ancient and Medieval Civilization I & II (AUB)

Introduction to Philosophy (Nevada)

The Nature of Concepts (Chicago)

Philosophical Perspectives on the Humanities (Chicago)

Contemporary Western Civilization (Columbia)

Philosophical Classics (Columbia)

 

 

PhD Supervisions (York)

Abigail Klassen, “Social Constructionism and the Possibility of Emancipation” (defense: 08/2016)

Joshua Mugg, “How Many Minds Do We Need? Toward A One-System Account Of Human Reasoning” (defense: 05/2015)

 

PhD Committee Memberships (York)

Dan Barron, “A Pragmatist Exploration of Inquiry” (in progress)

David Rocheleau-Houle, “Non-Naturalism and the Metaphysics of Normative Properties” (in progress)

Luke Kurowski, “Piecing Together the Puzzle of Consciousness” (in progress)

Maria Jimenez, “Care, Justice, and the State” (in progress)

Vanessa Lehan-Streisel, “Justification for a Probabilistic Account of Conditionals” (defense: December 2016)

Craig Roxborough, “Putting the Folk Back in Folk Psychology: The Social, Cultural, and Moral Character of Folk Psychology” (defense: April 2016)

Olaf Ellefson, “Truth, Reference, and Intuition” (defense: September 2012)

Service to the Profession

 

Member, Editorial Board, Philosophy of Science, 1999-2009

Member, Committee on International Cooperation, American Philosophical Association, 2004-2007

Member, Program Committee, Cognitive Science Society Annual Conference, 2004, 2005

Referee for British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014

Referee for Philosophy of Science, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003

Referee for Philosophical Studies, 2004, 2012, 2015

Referee for Philosophical Psychology, 2001, 2003

Referee for Philosophical Quarterly, 2015, 2016

Referee for Philosophy Compass, 2016

Referee for Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 2013

Referee for Mind, 2011

Referee for Journal for Philosophical Research, 2011

Referee for American Philosophical Quarterly, 2008

Referee for Synthese, 2008, 2016

Referee for Arab Journal for the Humanities, 2006

Referee for Cognitive Science Society Annual Conference, 2004, 2005, 2011, 2012

Referee for Society for Philosophy and Psychology Annual Conference, 2012

Referee for Canadian Philosophical Association Annual Congress, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017

Referee for Western Canadian Philosophical Association Annual Conference, 2014

Referee for Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2012

Referee for book manuscripts and proposals, Cambridge University Press, 2001, 2007, 2012

Referee for book proposals, Routledge, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016

Referee for book proposals, Oxford University Press, 2009 (2)

Assessor, SSHRC Insight Grants, 2013, 2015

 

Service to the University (York)

Chair, Department of Philosophy, 7/2015-

Member, University Senate, 7/2015-

Member, LA&PS Committee on Research Policy and Planning, 10/2013-

Coordinator, Honors Undergraduate Program in Cognitive Science, 7/2009-6/2012, 7/2013-6/2015

Member, Executive Committee, Department of Philosophy, 9/2009-6/2012, 7/2013-

Member, Committee for Graduate Admissions and Scholarships, Department of Philosophy, 9/2007-6/2009, 9/2014-

Chair, Search Committee for Assistant Professor in Philosophy of Cognitive Science, 10/2011-2/2012

Member, Graduate Program Executive Committee, Department of Philosophy, 7/2010-6/2012

Member, Adjudicating Committee (Tenure & Promotion), Department of Philosophy, 9/2009-6/2012

Member, File Preparation Committee for Tenure & Promotion (Jacob Beck), 2014

Member, File Preparation Committee for Promotion (Robert Myers), 2013

Member, Council of the Faculty of Graduate Studies, 9/2007-6/2009

Placement Officer, Department of Philosophy, 9/2007-9/2009