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Research & Writing Resources

Help! I need sources for my essay!

Online Indexes and Downloadable Articles

There are lots of online materials on anthropological subjects that can be easily discovered through the York Library subject research guides.

DO NOT use Google to find resources. The Library based research databases will point you to appropriate ACADEMIC sources. Articles in these databases have been peer-reviewed by other anthropologists who ensure that they meet the high academic standards we demand in student research essays.

Among the best of these databases is: Anthrosource. It contains 100 years of anthropological material online, including: current issues for 15 of the American Anthropological Association's (AAA) most critical peer-reviewed publications through the end of 2006, including American Anthropologist, American Ethnologist, Anthropology and Education Quarterly, and Medical Anthropology Quarterly; an electronic archive of all AAA journals; seamless access to archival content housed at JSTOR for key AAA publications.

Anthropological Index to the Current Periodicals in the Museum of Mankind Library indexes the extensive journal holdings of The Anthropology Library at the The British Museum. It covers all branches of anthropology including cultural, medical, economic and physical. Coverage from 1957- present..

Anthropology Plus selectively indexes over 800 journals on a variety of topics in anthropology. Reports and commentaries, as well as articles, are indexed. Some journals are in languages other than English. Coverage is from the late 19th century - present.

Library Resources

The Scott Library contains a wealth of anthropological material. The most frequently asked question we hear is: How can I tell if a book is anthropological?

There is no one way to be absolutely sure, since many anthropological works may be shelved by theme (such as sexuality), rather than subject area (such as anthropology). In the Library of Congress classification system, all call-numbers starting with GN are in the subject of Anthropology.

If the call number does not begin with GN, look to see if the book is based upon the fieldwork methodology. Is the approach ethnographic? Does it relate the way other groups see the world?


Online Blogs

"Savage Minds: Notes and Queries in Anthropology" is a group blog founded in 2005 that covers a wide range of Anthropological issues and news items. In 2006 Nature ranked Savage Minds 17th out of the 50 top science blogs across all scientific disciplines. In 2010, American Anthropologist has called Savage Minds “the central online site of the North American anthropological community” whose “value is found in the quality of the posts by the site’s central contributors, a cadre of bright, engaged, young anthropology professors.”

Scroll to the bottom of their homepage for links to other Anthropology Blogs.

InTensions is an interdisciplinary peer reviewed e-journal published out of Fine Arts at York University. This initiative brings together interventions by scholars and artists whose work deals with the theatricality of power, corporealities of structural violence, and sensory regimes.

ART/E/FACT is a publication designed for both artists and anthropologists to explore connections between their practices. This collaboration invites you to a dialogue about the space between artistic mediums and anthropological methodology. It is published through the Centre for Visual Anthropology at Goldsmiths, University of London.

This online tutorial will help you understand anthropological approaches to Kinship and Social Organization.


Essay Services

You didn't really think we would recommend this, did you? Please see the section on Academic Integrity/Honesty below. Note that students found guilty of academic misconduct may face a range of penalties from lower grades on assignments to failure in the course.

Need Help with Writing?

Hints on Writing Papers in Anthropology

Read these hints each time you start preparing for, and each time you start writing, any paper. These are general comments on content and form; individual instructors may have additional suggestions or requirements. You can also check out the series of videos produced by the Learning Commons on how to access library services to help you write your essay.


Anthropological Essay Citation Style (the AAA style guide)

Anthropology Essays should use in text citations, NOT footnotes. The American Anthropological Association Style Guide covers every possible situation if you're having problems.

The York University Writing Department

The Writing Department combines the resources and offerings of the units previously known as the Centre for Academic Writing in the Faculty of Arts and as Atkinson Writing Programs in Atkinson College. The Writing Department provides credit courses and, through its Writing Centre, one-to-one and small group instruction.

I'm bored with books and articles. Any videos or Facebook Pages?


All introduction to Anthropology courses should start as creatively as this one, taught at LaTrobe University in Australia, which was interupted by a Bollywood Flash Mob.

Trying to explain to your parents why you're majoring in Anthropology ("in what?")? Do it with the Anthropology Song.

Watch Michael Wesch for an anthropological take on being a student and how we educate; and on the effects of the internet. His TED-talk on new media suggests the ways in which apps are transforming our very ability to think critically. He also has his own YouTube channel on Digital Ethnography.

The Royal Anthropological Institute also has their own YouTube channel.

The BBC has produced several series with anthropological themes. Those found on YouTube are somewhat melodramatic and dated, but still of value. They include the series First Contact, Tales from the Jungle (a series on the founders of the discipline, including Bronislaw Malinowski and Margaret Mead) and "Strange Beliefs: Sir Edward Evans-Pritchard".

Cambridge Anthropologist  Alan MacFarlane has his own channel where he has uploaded many of his ethnographic films, as well as lecture series. This includes his "Virtual Village in the Himalayas" and "Interviews with (and lectures by) interesting thinkers" (which includes Anthropologists Clifford Geertz, Mary Douglas, Fredrik Barth, Edmund Leach, Sidney Mintz, Andre Beteille and hundreds of others).

AN3220 Class video goes viral on YouTube! “Barter That,” a parody of Young Money’s “Roger That” video was produced by students in a York University anthropology class. The video is a commentary on Anthropologist David Graeber's new book "Debt."


Facebook Pages

You can start with the Department of Anthropology Facebook page.

Our undergraduate Student Association also maintains a Facebook page.

Academic Integrity/Honesty

Senate Policy on Academic Honesty
All students are expected to make themselves familiar with the Senate Policy on Academic Honesty available in the York Calendar and on the York website. It is advised that all students complete the Academic Honesty Tutorial. The department would like to add a special caution regarding material downloaded or found on the internet. It is imperative that students treat material found on the web exactly the same as material found in a scholarly article or book: the material must be properly cited if quoted or paraphrased. Refer to Footnote and Bibliography Guidelines found on the York University Library website as well as specific referencing guidelines for anthropology.

Anthropology Resources

The Open Anthropology Cooperative is an online space where professionals and students who are already committed to the discipline will find like-minded anthropologists, as well as new tools, resources and opportunities for collaboration. They also welcome anyone for whom our conversations are interesting. An engaged anthropology for the 21st century should be open to interdisciplinary collaboration. This depends on making full use of the emerging social and technical synthesis entailed in the digital revolution.

Associations and Societies


Canadian Organizations:

The Canadian Anthropology Society/La Société canadienne d'anthropologie (CASCA)The Canadian Anthropology Society is a bilingual organization operating at a national level. It has for its mandate to: promote anthropology in Canada, support anthropological research and disseminate anthropological knowledge in the academic milieu and to the wider public.

Association des Anthropologues du Québec (AANTHQ) L'Association des anthropologues du Québec est un organisme sans but lucratif. Elle existe depuis quelques années, ayant été fondée en 1994 par un groupe d'anthropologues œuvrant majoritairement dans l'enseignement collégial. Depuis ce temps, elle s'est enrichie d'universitaires, d'étudiants, de professionnels.

The Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia is world-renowned for its collections, research, teaching, public programs, and community connections. It is also acclaimed for its spectacular architecture and unique setting on the cliffs of Point Grey.

American Organizations:

The American Anthropological Association (AAA), the primary professional society of anthropologists in the United States since its founding in 1902, is the world's largest professional organization of individuals interested in anthropology.

The American Ethnological Society is the oldest professional anthropological organization in the United States. Founded in 1842 to encourage research in the emerging field of ethnology, its stated goal was to foster "inquiries generally connected with the human race." Today the AES, a section of the American Anthropological Association (AAA).

Other International Organizations:

The Australian Anthropological Society (AAS) brings together professional anthropologists from Australia, and aims to promote the practice and teaching of the discipline.

The Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (RAI) is the world's longest-established scholarly association dedicated to the furtherance of anthropology (the study of humankind) in its broadest and most inclusive sense.

The Association of Social Anthropologists of the UK & the Commonwealth (ASA)was founded in 1946 to promote the study and teaching of social anthropology, to present the interests of social anthropology and to maintain its professional status. Its aim is to assist in any way possible in planning research, to collate and publish information on social anthropology and to function as a register of social anthropologists.

The European Association of Social Anthropologists was founded in 1989 and is open to all anthropologists who study or work in Europe.

Special Purpose Organizations:

The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Incorporated, is a private operating foundation whose sphere of interest is the support of research in all branches of anthropology, including cultural/social anthropology, ethnology, biological/physical anthropology, archaeology, and anthropological linguistics, and closely related disciplines concerned with human origins, development, and variation.

Anthropology in Action brings together anthropologists concerned with health social and community work, education, organisational change, development and other fields of policy and practice.

The Society for Applied Anthropology aspires to promote the integration of anthropological perspectives and methods in solving human problems throughout the world; to advocate for fair and just public policy based upon sound research; to promote public recognition of anthropology as a profession; and to support the continuing professionalization of the field.

The Society of Urban National and Transnational/Global Anthropology (SUNTA) is an association of anthropologists engaged in research on the cultural formations of urban areas, nation-states, and transnational and global processes.

Centre for Social Anthropology and Computing (CSAC) aims to advance anthropology by developing new methods and means for investigating anthropological problems, to promote the use of computers in 'ordinary' anthropology, and to provide advise and information resources for the anthropology community worldwide.

The Human Relations Area Files, Inc. (HRAF) is an internationally recognized organization in the field of cultural anthropology. The mission of HRAF is to encourage and facilitate worldwide comparative studies of human behavior, society, and culture. Founded in 1949 at Yale University, HRAF is a financially autonomous research agency of Yale. HRAF produces two major full-text databases (eHRAF World Cultures and eHRAF Archaeology), encyclopedias, and other resources for teaching and research. Click on one of the links at left for more information.

The Society for Medical Anthropology serves the needs of medical anthropology graduate students, practicing anthropologists, scholars, and scholar activists who address issues of local, national and international health importance. It is the hub of an active research community and a storehouse for information supporting the endeavors of medical anthropologists and their colleagues in allied social science fields. The site further intends to inform the general public and policy-makers of the scope and breadth of medical anthropology. The site, like the field of medical anthropology, draws upon and benefits from a wide range of theories and methods. It also serves as a space to promote and foster collaboration and coalition-building.