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Academic Programs

Be inspired by the almost limitless options offered in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies — the largest Faculty in Canada. With well over 1,500 courses and more than 80 undergraduate and graduate degree programs, you'll find challenging, relevant and diverse perspectives.

Most of our programs offer double-major and major-minor options so you can be inventive with your choices, tailoring your education to your interests and career goals. Need late afternoon or evening classes? Part-time studies? Want to study from home or earn a degree while working full time? We give you the flexibility to fit any schedule. In addition, we offer twelve iBA specializations, reflecting the Faculty's commitment to globalized curricula.

Explore our exciting degree options by clicking on the appropriate tab below.



Undergraduate Degree Options

Accounting
Accounting
Accounting is a stream within the Specialized Honours Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS) degree program that is ideal for individuals seeking to develop comprehensive knowledge in a variety of accounting areas.

You will gain specialized knowledge in managerial accounting, income taxation, finance, auditing and analysis in addition to general business and management practices. Utilizing in-class lectures, case studies and computer simulations, our program is a recognized leader in providing quality preparation for several professional designations including those of Chartered Accountant, Certified Management Accountant and Certified General Accountant. In fact, through its affiliation with several professional associations, you can even complete both your degree and the coursework portion of the professional designation requirements simultaneously.
Administrative Studies
Administrative Studies
We're one of the largest undergraduate business programs in Canada, offering 3 degree options.

Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS)
Gain a solid understanding of business and management theories and practices.
Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS) Specialized Honours
Take your career to the next level and broaden your career horizons by focusing on one of seven streams; Accounting, Business Research, Finance, Human Resource Management, Management, Management Science and Marketing.
Bachelor of Administrative Studies-Information Technology (BAS ITEC)
Blend business with IT and get the skills increasingly sought by today's employers. Specialize in one of three streams; Business Systems Analysis, E-Commerce Development, Information Technology Auditing & Assurance.

 
Key Areas of Study or Streams
     Accounting
     Business Research
     Finance
     Human Resources Management
     Management
     Management Science
     Marketing
     Business Systems Analysis
     E-Commerce Development
     Information Technology Auditing & Assurance

African Studies
African Studies
African Studies is concerned with issues of social, political, economic and cultural development from pre-colonial Africa to the present day. A degree in African Studies will offer you the challenge of personal and political insight, and it will encourage you to grow intellectually beyond the confines of traditional academic learning. From inspiring political leadership to poverty, economic development and major challenges to health, youuuâÂll discover why Africa is a continent of historical and contemporary global importance. Pursue your individual interests in Africa through a series of courses that offer a variety of approaches to the area in a number of different disciplines.
Anthropology
Anthropology
This exciting program focuses on the theories and methods of Anthropology to explore how people in the world are subjected to, participate in and contest the processes of living in a world that is interconnected by new and powerful economic, cultural and technological forces. You'll be encouraged to think critically and productively about how concepts such as class, race, gender and ethnic identities are produced and expressed in shifting local and global contexts of power.
Business & Society
Business & Society
Business & Society studies the impact of business on society and society on business. Specifically, the program examines the practical relations between business, social structures, and government through the lens of economic, political and social theory. Our program combines courses that provide the economic tools necessary to study and research business with courses that focus on the political, social and cultural context of business, both in Canada and globally.
 
Key Areas of Study or Streams
     The Social Economy
     Law and Governance
     Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility
     The Global Economy
     The Environment
     The Firm and Organization

Business (Honours minor)
Business (Honours minor)
Add an invaluable component to your resumé. Combine your degree with an Honours minor in Business and graduate with in-demand skills that will impress today's employers and give you the breadth of knowledge needed to understand business and business functions in our globalized world.

No matter what field or career you end up in, having a background in business will complement the expertise and skills you acquired through your major and set you on a fast course for success.

The Honours Minor may be combined with any approved non-business Honours program that offers a major/minor option in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, the Faculty of Health and the Faculty of Science and Engineering. The possibilities for combining a major with this valuable minor are endless; pair it with Social Work, International Development Studies, Urban Studies, or whatever other relevant program you are pursuing.

Students are required to have completed one 12U mathematics Advanced Functions or the equivalent. Students must also have completed 30 university credits or the equivalent and attained a minimum cumulative grade point average of 5.00 (C+) in their home program at York.

No math? You can take a 6-credit course MATH 1510 to give you the skills you need or pursue the Mathematics for Admissions Waiver offered through Continuing Education.
Business Economics
Business Economics
This comprehensive program integrates aspects of economics and business studies, focusing on the use of economic analysis and statistical methods to deal effectively with management problems in practical business fields. In applying economic theory to business management, you’ll become familiar with the analytical and decision-making techniques used in business and the public and private institutional environments within which businesses operate. Gain critical insight into topics such as the international issues facing businesses in the changing global marketplace.
Business Research
Business Research
Reliable data and research are critical to the effective management of businesses and organizations. Solid data helps business teams gather and interpret information that is used to determine organizational priorities and strategies. The Business Research stream within the Specialized Honours BAS degree program is ideal preparation for individuals interested in a career or further studies in market research and analysis.

In addition to building a solid foundation in general business and management practices, the program will provide you with specialized knowledge in survey design, data collection and interpretation, and quantitative measure, as well as market and decision analysis. You will take courses in marketing, research, critical decision-making and the design of information systems utilizing in-class lectures, case studies and computer simulations. Graduates of the program will be qualified to pursue a variety of interesting careers in the private and public sectors.
Canadian Studies
Canadian Studies
The Canadian Studies Program focuses on an awareness and analysis of Canadian stories. "Stories" can be considered literally, as in the study of Canadian authors, directors, and artists. But they can also be considered politically, an investigation of how society is organized and who has power. In this respect, the stories of the marginal are no less critical to understanding Canada than is knowledge of Canadian civics. Moreover, Canadian Studies considers the land itself; the Earth tells its own stories in the composition of the rock, the biodiversity of our forests, oceans, and tundra, and in the patterns of city and country living. Finally, the program is concerned with how Canadian stories are used to persuade us—only by understanding media and the techniques of propaganda can we defend ourselves against manipulation by corporations, special interests, and politicians, and seek a better Canada.
 
As an interdisciplinary program, York University's Canadian Studies Program allows students to study with an impressive concentration of outstanding scholars, making connections between different fields of knowledge in the Humanities, Communications, Social, Physical, and Environmental Sciences, and the Fine Arts. Using this breadth, the Canadian Studies Major can engage in their community at the local, regional, and national levels, and will be well-able to devise solutions to the problems of a 21st century Canada. Graduates can expect to become familiar with Canadian issues in a wide variety of contexts, including Canadian-American relations, Literature, Canada's First Nations, the Environment, Media and Culture, Social Justice, Political Science and Canadian Identity.
 
As the pace of globalization increases, employers in both national and international contexts will be looking to hire those with knowledge of resource-rich Canada. But more than this, a Canadian Studies degree makes for more successful citizens. With this degree, the Canadian studies graduate is well able to devise strategies to help a given campaign, promotion or cause succeed in a Canadian context, because they are familiar with that context. They know how make the initiatives of a company, charity etc. fit with prevailing Canadian ideologies, government priorities, and society in general. And they know how to engage with political, economic and social problems (and successes) that are uniquely our own.
 

 
Key Areas of Study or Streams
     Canada: Time and Place
     Canada: Society
     Canada: Culture

Children’s Studies
Children’s Studies
Children’s Studies explores global childhood experiences over time and their personal, societal and human consequences. A major focus is the nature and significance of children’s culture — distinguishing between culture created by adults for children and the culture of children themselves. Learn ethnographic techniques specific to children and their cultures. You’ll analyze children’s voices in contemporary and historical contexts and gain an understanding of the human condition from the child’s perspective. You’ll also participate in community-based partnerships and be encouraged to take part in advocacy work.
Classical Studies
Classical Studies
Classical Studies focuses on the culture, society, history, and literature of Ancient Greece and Rome. Courses in Ancient Greek and Latin, while recommended, are optional for Classical Studies degrees.

Using ancient texts and documents (in translation) and works of art, you will explore the richness of two civilizations that have largely shaped the Western intellectual tradition. As well as gaining sophisticated knowledge, you will also develop excellent critical and analytical skills and learn how to make rational arguments and defend them clearly.
Classics
Classics
Through in-depth study of texts and documents written in Ancient Greek and Latin, you will develop an understanding of Greek and Roman literature, history, culture, and society as well as excellent linguistic, critical, and analytical skills.

Courses in Ancient Greek and Latin are mandatory for Classics.
Cognitive Science
Cognitive Science
Our interdisciplinary program in Cognitive Science offers you a challenging opportunity to study the operations of different kinds of minds. You’ll examine the different ways in which infants and non-human animals are able to think and reason without language, how computers may be programmed to model intelligent behaviour, and the nature of the relationship between social interaction and cognition. In order to integrate findings from different fields, you’ll be trained in the methodologies of different disciplines, and you’ll have the opportunity to apply these methods in order to examine the nature of thought, memory, perception, language, and other cognitive processes.
Communication Studies
Communication Studies
Our dynamic program provides students with a comprehensive understanding of communication as a complex social process; we focus on traditional forms of mass communication — print, radio, film and television — while also examining the interactive telecommunications networks and computer systems that have introduced new media and new modes of communication.

The program bridges critical and applied approaches to the field. It encourages students to develop a critical understanding of the nature of communication and information, the social context and impacts of communication media and technology, the cultural and international contexts of media and communication systems, the political economy of media and communication, media and gender, media and development, and applied communication research and skills.

We aim to produce graduates who have acquired skills in communications analysis, who understand the increasingly complex field of communications, and who can clearly communicate their knowledge.
Creative Writing
Creative Writing
Develop your talents and abilities as a writer while honing your creativity. Our program emphasizes literary writing rather than formula writing and aims to acquaint you with the forms and styles of writing which authors, past and present, have created and explored in their works. You’ll be exposed to the history of formal experimentation and growth in particular genres. Specialization in one or two genres (such as fiction and poetry) is encouraged as you begin to write in an expanding environment of literary and linguistic knowledge.
Criminology
Criminology
Crime and criminality are central concerns within our contemporary world. From politics to law, in social and economic policy and throughout the media, issues of crime and justice, criminality and social control command increasing attention and interest. Our program provides you with an exceptional opportunity to pursue study in this evolving and expanding field. You’ll explore the ways in which concepts of crime, criminality and criminal justice have developed over time. You’ll also investigate how crime has been and is understood legally, politically, economically and culturally.
Culture & Expression
Culture & Expression
Culture & Expression investigates how societies communicate their values and interests through a wide range of artistic and cultural forms, among them film, music, literature, and various electronic and visual media. You’ll consider how societies construct both historical and contemporary meaning. This unique program opens up a whole new understanding of the arts in social, artistic and political contexts and encourages students to find their own "place" in this world.
Disaster & Emergency Management
Disaster & Emergency Management
Flooding, terrorism, global warming and hurricanes are all disasters and emergencies that can be effectively managed – and, in some cases even mitigated – through good planning and response. The recent earthquake in Haiti, the H1N1 pandemic and memories of 9/11 are reminders of the pressing need for qualified and trained professionals in the field.

What processes need to be put into place to ensure an emergency is handled effectively? How can organizations create a business continuity plan to help them maintain critical functions after a disaster or extended disruption? How do fields such as sociology or politics intersect with disaster and emergency management? These are the types of questions that you will explore as a student in the new BDEM program.

Gain the academic and technical skills necessary to aid in the prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery from regional and global disasters and emergencies. Our interdisciplinary program will provide you with a range of core management competencies relevant to career paths in government, the private sector and non-governmental organizations.

You'll examine a diverse range of topics including business continuity planning, emergency management communications, disaster risk management, ethics and terrorism. You'll also learn to apply key concepts, methodologies and technologies used by emergency management professionals to complex real-life challenges.

Our focus on critical, analytic and research skills will ensure that you are well-positioned to pursue graduate education in disaster and emergency management or a related field such as environmental studies or business administration.
East Asian Studies
East Asian Studies
China, Japan and Korea, seats of ancient civilizations and modern societies of immense global significance, form the basis of this program. Expect to be challenged, engaged and rewarded with an in-depth understanding of the region. Bridging East Asia’s dynamic modern milieu and its rich history, our program will help you gain an appreciation of the importance of Chinese, Japanese and Korean language, literature and fine arts, as well as the political, economic and social impact of these nations.
Economics
Economics
Understand money and incentives and gain a clear grasp of the economy from both micro and macro perspectives. You’ll focus on aspects of social behaviour and institutions that are involved in the allocation of scarce resources among competing uses in an attempt to satisfy our unlimited human wants. You’ll also learn how to solve a wide range of individual and social problems related to production and consumption in a variety of national and international settings including product, labour and capital markets.
English
English
The study of English literature develops critical thinking and communication skills necessary to excel in life and in your chosen career.

During your first year, you’ll receive training required for university-level literary study (critical reading, writing, thinking and research), across a range of genres, styles and historical periods.

Focus on Canadian, American, British, South Asian, Caribbean, African and Diasporic literatures in and across history. Learn from a group of dynamic professors, many of whom are published authors and noted experts in their field.
English & Professional Writing
English & Professional Writing
This unique program blends English and Professional Writing, highlighting and enhancing the relationship between the two fields of study. You’ll gain specialized knowledge by connecting the two fields and gaining in-demand skills suitable for a wide range of careers. This degree option provides a more coherent course of study than pursuing a double major or major/minor option that treats the two fields as separate disciplines.
European Studies
European Studies
European Studies takes a wide-ranging interdisciplinary and intercultural approach to the study of Europe. From Douro to the Don, from Tromsø to Tripoli, you’ll examine European developments from the Middle Ages to the present day. You can study Europe in general or focus your studies on a specific country. To fully understand the European continent, you’ll take at least one course in a European language other than English; we offer French, German, modern Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Russian.
Finance
Finance
Gain the knowledge and skills to pursue a rewarding career in finance and to work towards the two major designations within the finance field - Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) and Certified Financial Planner (CFP). Finance is an essential part of managing any organization, large or small, and also essential to helping families plan their own financial future. The program teaches how to manage the financial affairs of a company to work in corporate finance. You learn personal financial planning and investment analysis to work in wealth management careers and to help you get the CFA or CFP designation.

You can take specialized finance courses within the Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS) Specialized Honours program with topics such as valuing stock options, managing working capital and evaluating investment strategies. You also learn critical skills in law, marketing, accounting, information systems, business strategy and human resource management, for example, that you will need anywhere you work.
Financial & Business Economics
Financial & Business Economics
Our program combines a rigorous quantitative and analytical approach with practical application and is designed for students interested in understanding the workings of financial markets, such as the stock market and financing of companies. You’ll gain a broad understanding of the economic framework upon which financial theory is based. Through a blend of theory and applied tools of modern finance you’ll also develop a solid knowledge of the microeconomic principles underlying financial markets, the macroeconomic role of finance, and the quantitative tools used for analyzing financial markets.
French Studies
French Studies
Our French Studies program will provide you with the opportunity to learn not only the French language, but also to get acquainted with the francophone world, the diversity of its cultures, art, societies and much more. We offer courses in several areas, enabling you to pursue interests in French language and culture, linguistics and literature. Our teaching emphasizes the development of active learning strategies so you will be better prepared for the working world.
Gender & Women’s Studies
Gender & Women’s Studies
Think! Critique! Act! Create! Transform! These are skills and practices that we encourage in our challenging, interdisciplinary courses on women and gender. Our dedicated, award-winning professors provide excellent learning environments at all levels of study. Courses explore relations of power in the lives of individuals, groups and cultures in multiple settings and sites locally and transnationally.

They analyze constructions and intersections of gender, race, class, age, ability and sexuality in daily life, popular culture, the fine arts, sciences, politics, society and the economy. They encourage students to develop the practical, theoretical, communications and organization skills to think, research, write, and act critically and creatively.
 
The critical research, writing, thinking and listening skills taught in our classes will help you develop skills that you can use in life and apply to any future career you may choose.
Geography
Geography
Geography is concerned with the interrelationships among the Earth’s physical and human environments. Geographers study climate change, resource depletion, pollution, human migration, globalization, geopolitics, poverty, inequality and vulnerability – their causes, consequences and implications on urban and regional development. These concerns take us from local neighbourhoods in Toronto to Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Canadian Arctic and the Arizona desert.
 
Key Areas of Study or Streams
     The City
     Globalization, Environment and Development
     Production and the Politics of Difference
     State, Empire and Power
     Extreme Environments
     Biophysical Processes and Geoinformatics

Geography & Urban Studies
Geography & Urban Studies
The specialized honours program in Geography & Urban Studies, affiliated with the Urban Studies program, invites students to combine an interdisciplinary exploration of urban life, its qualities and its discontents with the study of social geography — the discipline that has most closely examined the nature of city lives and city places. You may orient your studies in a number of ways: toward the modern city, toward urban development in a global context, toward the history and comparative study of cities or toward planning and environmental issues.
German Studies
German Studies
German Studies is an interdisciplinary program that encompasses subjects ranging from language, literature and film studies to intellectual and cultural history, urban studies, political science, museum studies, art history and women’s studies. By exploring the German-speaking world, you’ll gain an understanding of its rich cultural heritage and learn about the writers, filmmakers, philosophers, scientists, artists and intellectuals who have shaped modern society. German Studies equips students with a unique intercultural perspective and critical tools that are indispensable for meeting the challenges of the 21st century.
Global Political Studies
Global Political Studies
Global Political Studies allows you to specialize in international or global politics by combining courses in two fields — international relations and comparative world politics. You’ll gain the skills required to analyze global political forces as well as a broad education in the field of politics.
Health & Society
Health & Society
Health & Society will challenge you to look critically at biomedical models and practices, to understand the complexity of health policy, to see ways in which globalizing economies shape both illness and health care and to appreciate the role played by social forces and cultural change in shaping individual well-being. Our unique program draws upon concepts and tools from many social scientific disciplines to explore the ways in which social conditions influence health and how health concerns shape social relations and institutions.
Hellenic Studies
Hellenic Studies
From Ancient Greece came many of the Western world’s cultural values and social institutions, while contemporary Greece, situated at the intersection between Europe and the Middle East, is a vitally important modern nation. In our exciting Hellenic Studies program you’ll have the opportunity to explore the ancient and modern periods in Greece through a curriculum that integrates language study with courses covering Greek literature, culture and history.
History
History
History provides us with a valuable roadmap for the future. By studying the past, you’ll deepen your understanding of the present and acquire the skills necessary to succeed in today’s world: critical thinking and analysis, research, and effective oral and written communication. Whatever historical period you’re interested in, we’ve got courses designed for you. Study the fall of Rome, explore the trenches of World War II, examine global environmental history or map out the history of gender and sexuality in diverse cultures and regions around the world.
Human Resource Management (BAS)
Human Resource Management (BAS)
We offer the widest breadth of Human Resource (HR) programs of any Canadian university. In addition to the unique Bachelor of Human Resource Management (BHRM) degree, you may pursue an HR specialization as part of LA&PS's Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS) Specialized Honours degree.

In the BAS HR stream, you'll gain both a solid foundation in general business and management practices, as well as specialized skills and knowledge in a wide range of HR-related issues such as workplace productivity, safety and equity legislation, labour-management relations, hiring, compensation and retention issues. Graduates of the program possess both a broad understanding of general business principles (in areas such as planning and management), as well as specialized HR instruction, making them sought-after professionals.
Human Resource Management (BHRM)
Human Resource Management (BHRM)
The Bachelor of Human Resource Management (BHRM) program is the largest of its kind in Canada and one of the largest internationally with approximately 1000 students. Our dynamic program responds to a growing demand for quality HR professionals. You will acquire specialized training and education in all aspects of HR management.

Our interdisciplinary approach to teaching and learning enables you to develop the research, analytical and management skills that will help you to become a successful professional, able to deal effectively with a variety of organizational situations. In addition, the program highlights the importance of a global perspective on HRM.
Human Rights & Equity Studies
Human Rights & Equity Studies
Students in Human Rights and Equity Studies explore the ethical principles of human rights as well as the roots and impact of human rights violations and efforts at redress. Problems of physical, social and economic security, cultural autonomy, and political rights and freedom of expression are examined. Students wishing to pursue graduate study can combine Human Rights and Equity Studies with a second major in a discipline.
Humanities
Humanities
As one of the oldest areas of study in the world, the Humanities focus on human cultures, their multiple forms of expression, and their philosophical, religious, moral, political, scientific and aesthetic values. Our program promotes a critical approach that, in encouraging you to question preconceived assumptions, enables you to appreciate cultural diversity and function effectively in a knowledge economy and globalized workplace. Choose from more than 80 courses integrating various fields and delve into areas such as fantasy, children’s rights, comparative religions, popular culture and gender studies.
Individualized Studies
Individualized Studies
Individualized Studies provides a home for students who wish to investigate in-depth, a topic that cannot be effectively pursued through any other degree program. These topics are usually of an interdisciplinary nature and involve taking courses from a number of different departments or Faculties. A student normally applies to this program at the end of his or her second year of study.
Information Technology (BA)
Information Technology (BA)
With the revolution in information technology, virtually every organization requires IT professionals. Having the big picture understanding to liaise between technical and non-technical info-tech users, graduates of the ITEC program are uniquely positioned to plan, design, build and administer information systems. Become an IT expert, familiar with the latest technologies and able to customize and integrate them according to user’s needs.


Information Technology (BAS)
Information Technology (BAS)
With the revolution in information technology, virtually every organization requires IT professionals. Having the big picture understanding to liaise between technical and non-technical info-tech users, graduates of the ITEC program are uniquely positioned to plan, design, build and administer information systems. Become an IT expert, familiar with the latest technologies and able to customize and integrate them according to user’s needs.


 
Key Areas of Study or Streams
     Business Systems Analysis
     E-Commerce Development
     Information Technology Auditing & Assurance

Interdisciplinary Social Science
Interdisciplinary Social Science
The interdisciplinary Social Science degree program (ISS), offered by the Department of Social Science, provides students with a solid grounding in interdisciplinary social science research methods and critical social theory.

Students have the opportunity to explore courses from a range of progressive fields including, for example, work and labour studies, development studies, health and society, urban studies and/or African studies in order to critically examine historical and contemporary issues related to social and political thought, social justice and diversity, sustainability and the environment, social exclusion and identity, diaspora and global development.

In addition to fostering strong and theoretical and methodological training, the ISS program is based on a belief that social analysis cannot be separated from social practice. As such, professors and many students affiliated with the program are actively engaged in fostering social change.

A degree in ISS will benefit students interested in studying the relationship between culture, politics and the economy in Canadian and global contexts, and prepared students for careers and professions in various fields as well as further post-graduate studies.

Students are strongly encouraged to combine their ISS degree with another Major or Minor program either within the Department of Social Science, or in another department.
International Development Studies
International Development Studies
International Development Studies highlights common themes in the field of development and emphasizes the diversity of experiences in the developing world. We view the field from the perspective of critical liberal arts. We also offer an inclusive, interdisciplinary and comparative approach to the interpretation of the histories, political economies and cultures of the developing world and the diasporic communities that represent the Global South.
Italian Culture
Italian Culture
Italian Culture at York offers an exciting learning experience in the areas of Italian culture, literature and linguistics.

The curriculum includes courses on a wide variety of literary topics through the centuries, linguistic history and dialectology as well as a range of courses in Italian civilization, cinema and the Italian-Canadian immigration experience.
Italian Studies
Italian Studies
We offer a full spectrum of Italian language courses from elementary to advanced, as well as courses in both Italian and English that focus on linguistics, literature, and culture through history, film and theatre. You'll gain sophisticated knowledge and enhance broad skills that can be used in a wide variety of disciplines and work environments.
Japanese Studies (Honours Minor)
Japanese Studies (Honours Minor)
Explore your interests through your major while gaining a solid foundation in Japanese culture and language.

Study classic and contemporary Japanese culture, society and communication, while learning Japanese business and management customs. Students may also have the opportunity to participate in speech contests, Japanese Language Proficiency Test, exchange programs, internship and a co-op work placement.

Combine your degree with a minor in Japanese Studies and graduate with this unique specialization that will serve you well throughout your career. Students will develop communicative competence and performance in advanced Japanese, cross-cultural understanding of the language and culture of Japan, business and language use, Japanese linguistics, media and language, reading knowledge of classical Japanese, pedagogy for teaching Japanese, skills in translation and interpretation between English and Japanese.

You must have completed 30 credits at York and at the time of your application have a GPA of 5.0 (C+)
Jewish Studies
Jewish Studies
Religion, ethnicity, nation - who are the Jews? What is Judaism? Jewish Studies explores Jewish texts, thought, belief, history, cultures, sociologies, languages and fine arts from biblical times to the present. It provides a model for exploring some of the larger humanistic and philosophical questions affecting us all. You’ll examine these within the context of the many Western and non-Western civilizations in which Jewish people have lived and which have helped to shape - and been shaped - by Judaism. You’ll also explore Jewish interactions with non-Jewish people over the ages, evolving attitudes towards and images of Jewish people within various non-Jewish cultures, and the history of anti-Semitism.
Language Programs
Language Programs
Degree programs are offered in: French Studies, German Studies, Italian Studies, Portuguese Studies and Spanish.

Language, literature and culture courses are also offered in the following areas; American Sign Language, Arabic, Chinese, Classical Greek, Cree,English as a Second Language (ESL), Hebrew, Hindi/Urdu, Jamaican Creole, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Modern Greek, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Tamil, Yiddish
Latin American & Caribbean Studies
Latin American & Caribbean Studies
Gain an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary understanding of the rich and complex cultures, history and contemporary issues in Latin America and the Caribbean. York is Canada’s centre for research and social involvement in Latin America and the Caribbean and our scholars connected to LACS bring their wide ranging expertise to the program. We are linked with one of Canada’s premier research institutes, Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean, and have extensive institutional partnerships throughout the region.
Law & Society
Law & Society
The goals of the Law & Society program are to promote the intellectual importance of the study of law and society, and law in society; to provide a framework within which students may explore different approaches to law using interdisciplinary resources as well as international and comparative perspectives; to equip students with critical skills for socio-legal study and research; and to sharpen a view of law as implicated in the everyday life of students.
Linguistics
Linguistics
Language is one of the basic elements of our humanity as it is involved in nearly every aspect of our life. Linguistics concerns itself with discovering the universal principles of human language and applying these principles to provide systematic descriptions of individual languages. You’ll investigate sound and word patterns, sentence structure, language usage and change, the acquisition of first and second languages, as well as the relationship between language and the mind, and language and society.
Management
Management
Effective leadership is critical to the smooth operation of all organizations and businesses. In this stream of the Specialized Honours Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS) degree program, you will learn the principles of effective management that reflect the diverse scope and varied responsibility of modern management. You'll gain general knowledge in a variety of areas, including marketing, human resources management, financial management, strategic planning and general management practices from the perspective of small (including entrepreneurial), medium and large organizations/companies.

Through in-class lectures, simulations and case studies, gain the required theoretical and practical knowledge that will make you successful in management and business.
Management Science
Management Science
Address the unique and complex issues organizations face in their short-term and long-terms strategic planning. The Management Science stream within the Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS) Specialized Honours degree program will give you a strong foundation in quantitative methods as well as in operations and logistics management.
Marketing
Marketing
Today’s businesses depend on the creativity and expertise of marketing professionals to effectively promote their products. The Marketing stream within the Specialized Honours Bachelor of Administrative Studies (BAS) degree program provides you with the skills and knowledge needed in this fast-paced and challenging field. Through in-class lectures, case studies and simulations, you'll gain both theoretical and practical knowledge in all aspects of the marketing process including product management, advertising and communications, market research and strategies, retailing, international markets and consumer behaviour.

In addition to this specialized training, you'll also gain a solid foundation in general management/business applications, making you a well-qualified and sought-after professional.
Multicultural and Indigenous Studies (MIST)
Multicultural and Indigenous Studies (MIST)
MIST brings together three vibrant areas - Indigenous Studies, Diaspora Studies and Anti-Racism Studies. The program’s core courses conceptually integrate the three different streams of MIST into a cohesive program, enabling students to develop a broad understanding of the complex issues facing a society that is engaged in struggles for equality for racialized and diasporic communities while maintaining a colonial relationship with Aboriginal peoples.

In addition to the core courses, students must choose one of three streams:

1. Diaspora Studies
2. Indigenous Studies
3. Race and Multiculturalism

 
Key Areas of Study or Streams
     Diaspora Studies
     Indigenous Studies
     Racism and Multiculturalism Studies

Philosophy
Philosophy
Explore life's deepest questions concerning the nature of happiness, the requirements of justice, the limits of knowledge, the meaning of freedom and the constructs of gender. You'll discover how to develop answers to these questions and how to explain them to others in a way that is accessible and clear. You'll also learn to engage fruitfully with alternative points of view and learn how to defend them in argument. These skills are applicable to all areas of modern life: intellectual, professional and personal.
Political Science
Political Science
Our program encompasses the actions of governments, political parties and the courts, as well as political movements in society and in the power relations of everyday life. Choose from a rich and diverse range of courses that allow you to focus on a number of topics such as: global politics; political economy and political power; development and inequality in the Third World; social justice, ethics, law and democracy; and violence and security.

You’ll gain a comprehensive understanding of critical issues facing our world and the political context in which they exist while acquiring in-demand analytical and communications skills.
Portuguese Studies
Portuguese Studies
The Portuguese Studies program focuses not only on Portugal, but on the entire Lusophone world across four continents: Europe, Africa, South America and Asia. You will learn about and engage with a diversity of cultures — their art, literature, history and social and political landscapes. The Portuguese language is the sixth most widely used language in the world spoken daily by 220 million people; our program will prepare you for work almost anywhere in the world.
Professional Writing
Professional Writing
Our program is for those who are creative, curious about the world and drawn to writing as a way of exchanging and sharing ideas and information with others. In every sphere of life and work, clear and effective written communication of ideas and information, knowledge and opinion is essential. We combine studies of the historical and theoretical analysis of written expression with the development of practical expertise in creating, managing, coordinating and presenting written information in a constructive and dynamic fashion.
 
Key Areas of Study or Streams
     Professional Book Writing
     Professional Periodical Writing
     Professional Institutional Communications

Public Administration
Public Administration
Deepen your knowledge of Canadian politics and political institutions while developing in-demand critical, analytic, management and research skills invaluable to your career. You’ll explore the interface between politics and policy-making through a range of contemporary perspectives and across disciplines including economics, law, political science, public administration, management and justice studies.

Through courses in areas such as public administration, Canadian government and public law, you’ll examine current and emerging debates regarding public institutions, law, human rights and diversity. You’ll also gain a clear understanding of the theory and practice of government while acquiring expertise relevant to policy analysis, program evaluation and other public service functions.

Many courses involve simulations and exercises drawn from real world scenarios at all three levels of Canadian government. A limited number of practicum and internship placements are available for qualified students.
Religious Studies
Religious Studies
Religious Studies examines the history, development and role of religion in today’s multicultural and secular world. Through lectures and tutorials, you’ll examine questions about life, death, and suffering; the nature of good and evil; and role of the self in society. You’ll also explore how and why humans have appealed to spirituality and the divine as they’ve struggled to make sense of themselves and their world. Concentrate your studies on particular religious traditions — for example, Islam or Confucianism — or pursue a more comparative approach.
Sexuality Studies
Sexuality Studies
Sexuality Studies is an interdisciplinary field that explores artistic, cultural, economic, geographic, historical, literary, political, psychological and social aspects of sexuality. Our program examines sexuality in transnational contexts and investigates intersections of sexuality with ability, age, class, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, health, nationality, race and religion.
Social Work
Social Work
Concerned about issues of equity and social justice? We use a curriculum designed in collaboration with professors, students, field instructors and community representatives to ensure our program responds to the needs of people in their social environments. You’ll explore contemporary and socially relevant issues as well as the social justice oriented approaches used by social work professionals. By taking part in a practicum in actual social work settings, and through your course work, you’ll learn how to work effectively with individuals, families, groups and communities. Become eligible for registration in the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers.
Sociology
Sociology
Sociology is an exciting and dynamic field of study that analyzes and accounts for key moments in our personal lives, our communities and our world. Discover what makes us tick as individuals and as a society by exploring social relations, interactions and various power dynamics. You’ll gain a comprehensive understanding of how human action and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures. You’ll also hone your networks and connect with professionals in the field through a unique array of community projects.
South Asian Studies
South Asian Studies
Our exciting program focuses on different parts of South Asia comprised of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Organized around carefully selected themes in culture, history, politics, religion, economics and development, you’ll gain a critical perspective while deepening your knowledge. Given that contemporary South Asia has emerged as a major world force faced with unprecedented social and political changes, the program offers grounded and expert analyses of challenges that face the region.
Spanish
Spanish
The Spanish program introduces you to the language and literature of Spain and the Spanish- American world. Spanish represents many cultures and countries. The rich cultural heritage and ethnic diversity of the language is discovered through literature and linguistics and you can develop a strong command of the language itself through intensive training in listening, reading writing and speaking.
United States Studies
United States Studies
US Studies is a program for anyone who wants to develop an in-depth understanding of the history and culture of Canada’s nearest neighbor. While everyone will take an introductory and capstone course, students can choose to explore particular areas such as music, film, art, literature, history, or political science.

Those enrolled will have the opportunity to investigate rock n’ roll, Hollywood cinema, African-American history, the novels of Hemingway and Steinbeck, and congressional politics Students will learn new approaches and discover how to bring together material from different fields.
Urban Studies
Urban Studies
The city is among the most fundamental human institutions. Across history, cities have been sites of basic innovation in economic, political and cultural life — centres of trade, seats of empire and the locale of scientific, social and artistic creativity. Cities retain these roles today and are the home of a growing majority of the world’s population who increasingly live in large metropolitan regions of several million people. Often, as in many Canadian cities, these urban regions are marked by complex social diversity, striking contrasts of wealth and poverty and a challenging array of planning and environmental dilemmas.
Work and Labour Studies
Work and Labour Studies
Labour Studies explores the world of work and workers and their organizations in Canada and globally. Our program’s strengths include labour law and labour policy, the future of work and employment, women and work, globalization and its impact on work and workers, and our unique fourth year placement course. Labour Studies also offers courses in collective bargaining that will prepare you for contemporary and relevant workplace situations.

 


 
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