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Faculty Profile

Dr. Lucia Lo

Lucia LoProfessor

B.A. (Economics and Geography), McMaster University, 1976
M.A. (Geography), McMaster University, 1978
Ph.D. (Geography), University of Toronto, 1988

Office: Ross Building N402
Phone: (416)736-2100 x 66194 / 66199
Fax: (416) 736-5988


GEOG 3140 3.0 Retailing, Shopping, Society and Space
GEOG 4190 3.0 Geographies of the Ethnic Economy
GEOG 4520 3.0 Research Design and Field Studies
GEOG 4260/5310 3.0 Applied Transportation Geography
GEOG 5390 3.0 Research Seminar in Social and Economic Space

Research Interests

Current Projects (funder)

Financial Institutions and Immigrant Integration in the U.S. and Canada (SSHRC)
Immigrant integration and inclusion: Investigating the Canadian partnership model from a complex-system perspective (SSHRC)
Making Ontario Home: A Study of Newcomer Settlement Services Use and Needs (OCASI)
Investigating Immigrant and Non-immigrant Businesses in Kelowna (Metropolis BC)
Infrastructure in York Region: A GIS Analysis of Human Services (Infrastructure Canada, CIC)

Recent Publications



Lo, L.  Chinese moving through Canada: close door, open door, and revolving door. China in the World. McGill-Queen’s University Press. (forthcoming)


Lo, L. and Wang, L. 2012. Economic rationality, ethnic identity and consumer spatial behaviour. In Warf, B. (ed.) Encounters and Engagements between Economic and Cultural Geography. Springer, pp. 79-102.


Li, W. and Lo, L. 2012. New geographies of migration? A Canada-US comparison of highly skilled Chinese and Indian migration. Journal of Asian American Studies. 15 (1): 1-34.




Lo, L. and Li, W. 2011. Economic experiences of immigrants. In Teixeira, C. and Li, W. Immigrant Geographies in North American Cities. Toronto: Oxford University Press, pp. 112-137.


Lo, L. 2011. Immigrants and social services in the suburbs. In Young, D., Wood, P. B., and  Keil, R. (eds.) In-Between Infrastructure: Urban Connectivity in an Age of Vulnerability. Praxis (e) Press. Pp. 131-150.


Lo, L., Shalaby, A., and Alshalalfah, B. 2011. Case study: Relationship between immigrant settlement patterns and transit use in the Greater Toronto Area. Journal of Urban Planning and Development. 137, 470-476


Lo, L., Chua, J., Park, S., Kelly, P. 2011. Language use in the workplace for immigrants in Toronto. Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative (TIEDI), Analytical Report 23. (available at




Lo, L., Damsbaek,N., Phan, M., Kelly, P., Lemoine, M., Fang, T., Preston, V., Tufts, S. 2010. Are degrees/diplomas from different places valued more or less than others in the labour market? Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative (TIEDI), Analytical Report 14. 12 pages. December. Available online at

Lo, L., Wang, S, Anisef, P., Preston., Baus, R. 2010. Recent Immigrants’ Awareness of, Access to, Use of, and Satisfaction with Settlement Services in York Region.  CERIS Working Paper No. 79. Toronto: CERIS – the Ontario Metropolis Centre. 35 pages.


Lo, L. 2009. The role of ethnicity in the geography of consumption? Urban Geography. 30 (4): 391-415.

Lo, L. 2009. Ethnic economies. In R. Kitchen and N. Thrift (eds.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Vol. 1, pp. 608-614. Oxford: Elsevier.

Lo, L. 2009. Methods: Sampling. In R. Kitchen and N. Thrift (eds.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Vol. 10, pp. 1-10. Oxford: Elsevier.

Preston, V. and Lo, L. 2009. Ethnic enclaves in multicultural cities: new retailing patterns and new planning dilemmas. Special issue on Welcoming Communities: Planning for Diverse Populations. Plan Canada, February, pp. 72-74.

Lo, L., Anisef, P., Basu, R., Preston, V., and Wang, S. 2009. Infrastructure in York Region: A GIS Analysis of Human Services. A Research Report submitted to Infrastructure Canada (available at 160 pages. June. 


Lo, L. 2008. DiverCity Toronto: Canada’s Premier Gateway City. In M. Price and L. Benton-Short (eds.), Migrants to the Metropolis: The Rise of Immigrant Gateway Cities. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, pp. 97-127.

Li, W. and Lo, L. 2008. People-money co-movement and the ethnic financial sectors in Canada and the US. Migracijske i etnicke teme, 24(4):301-322.

Wang, L., Rosenberg, M. and Lo, L. 2008 Ethnicity and utilization of family physicians - a case study of Mainland Chinese immigrants in Toronto, Canada. Social Science and Medicine, 67(9):1410-1422.


Lo, L. and Wang, S. 2007.  The new Chinese business sector in Toronto: A spatial and structural anatomy of medium- and large-sized firms. In E. Fong and C. Luk (ed.), Chinese Ethnic Businesses: Global and Local Perspectives. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 64-85.

Wang, L. and Lo, L. 2007. Global connectivity, local consumption, and Chinese immigrant experience. GeoJournal, 68: 183-194.

Teixeira, C., Lo, L., and Truelove, M. 2007. Ethnic entrepreneurship, institutional discrimination and related policy issues: a case study in Toronto. Environment and Planning C, 25: 176-193.

Wang, L. and Lo, L. 2007. Immigrant grocery shopping behaviour: ethnic identity versus accessibility. Environment and Planning A, 39: 684-699.

Wang, S. and Lo, L. 2007. What does it take to achieve full integration? Economic (Under)Performance of Chinese Immigrants in Canada. In V. Agnew (ed.), Interrogating Race and Racism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp.168-201.

Lo, L., Wang, L., Wang, S. and Yuan, Y. 2007. Immigrant Settlement Services in the Toronto CMA: A GIS-Assisted Analysis of Demand and Supply. Working Paper Series No. 59. Toronto: Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement. 64 pages single-spaced with an electronic appendix of 197 maps.


Lo, L. 2006. Changing geography of Toronto’s Chinese ethnic economy. In D. Kaplan and W. Li (eds.), The Landscapes of Ethnic Economy. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 83-96.

Lo, L. and Wang, L. with Wei, L. 2006. “Consuming Wal-Mart: A Case study of Shenzhen, China”, In S. Brunn (ed.) Wal-Mart’s World. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 315-330.

Lo, L. 2006. Suburban housing and indoor shopping: the production of the contemporary Chinese landscape in Toronto  In W. Li (ed.), Suburban Asian Immigrant Communities: from Urban Enclaves to Ethnoburbs. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp.134-154.


Lo, L. and Zhuang, Z. C.2005. Immigrants, communities and urban planning. Urban Planning Overseas, 2: 11-17, in Chinese. [English version in B.M. Massam and S.S. Han (eds.), Urban Planning Overseas 2005: Special Issues on Urban Planning in Toronto, pp. 16-29, Toronto: Urban Studies Program, York University]. 

Wang, S. and Lo, L. 2005. Chinese Immigrants in Canada: their changing composition and economic performance. International Migration, 43(3): 35-71.

Lim, A., Lo, L. 2005. Siemiatycki, M. and Doucet, M. Newcomer Services in the Greater Toronto Area: An exploration of the range and Funding Sources of Settlement Services. Working Paper No. 35. Toronto: Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement. 59 pages single-spaced.


Lo, L. and Wang, L. 2004. A political economy approach to understanding the economic incorporation of Chinese sub-ethnic groups, Journal of International Migration and Integration, 5: 107-140.  

Lo, L. 2004. Immigration and the Canadian Chinese communities. Canada-China Relations: An Evaluation, Conference Proceedings. Toronto: Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, pp. 65-79.

Wang, S. and Lo, L. 2004. Chinese Immigrants in Canada: Their Changing Composition and Economic Performance.  Working Paper No. 31. Toronto: Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement. 34 pages single-spaced.


Lo, L., Teixeira, C., and Truelove, M. 2003. Polish and Somali entrepreneurship and the building of ethnic economies in Toronto. Espaces Populations et Sociétés, 1: 167-181.

Preston, V., Lo, L., and Wang, S. 2003. Immigrants’ economic status in Toronto: stories of triumph and disappointment. In P. Anisef and M. Lanphier (eds.), The World In A City. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 192-262.


Lo, L. 2002. The Great Malls: Mississauga’s Chinese Community. In F. Dieterman (eds.), Mississauga: The First Ten Thousand Year. Mississauga: The Mississauga Heritage Foundation, pp. 265-278.

Lo, L., Teixeira, C., and Truelove, M. 2002. Cultural Resources, Ethnic Strategies and Immigrant Entrepreneurship: A Comparative Study of Five Ethnic Groups in the Toronto CMA. Working paper No. 21. Toronto: Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Settlement. 94 pages single-spaced.


Wang, S. and Lo, L. 2000. Economic impacts of immigrants in the Toronto CMA: a tax-benefit analysis. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 1: 273-303.

Preston, V. and Lo, L. 2000. ‘Asian theme’ malls in suburban Toronto: land use conflict in Richmond Hill. The Canadian Geographer, 44: 182-190. Also published in an earlier version as “Who is a Canadian? Chinese immigrants in Toronto suburbs”, Kanada Studien, 2000, 21-36.