OCTOBER 3, 2017. LECTURE FOUR: CONCEPTS OF JUSTICE AND ETHICS IN RESEARCH

 

 

 

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Nature of Knowledge

The pursuit of knowledge: a social act

Nature of thinking

Wright Mills:

“Neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without   understanding both. Yet men/women  do not usually define the troubles they endure in terms of historical change and institutional contradiction. ... The sociological imagination enables its possessor to understand the larger historical scene in terms of its meaning for the inner life and the external  career of a variety of individuals. ... The first fruit of this imagination--and the first lesson of the  social science that embodies it--is the idea that the individual can understand his/her  own experience  and gauge his/her  own fate only by locating himself within this period, that he can know his own chances in life only by becoming aware of those of all individuals in his circumstances. ...We  have come to know that every individual lives, from one generation to the next, in some society;  that she/ he lives out a biography, and that he lives it out within some historical sequence (CW Mills, The Sociological Imagination, 1959:3-10).

 

 

WHAT DO WE REALLY KNOW

Epistemology: the theory of knowledge, is

fundamental to any learning

 

Reason, observations, senses, experiences

 

To know means that a person accepts a true proposition to be right or correct for "the best of reasons."

 

Is Knowledge Possible?

 

 

reality and appearances

 

faith and science; traditions/ folklore/ superstition

mythologies, magic  

 

The Ways to Knowledge

What informs OUR   thinking?

What is research? What is research for, and for whom?

 

aproaches

Elements:  commitment/ conviction  

  courage to  

  a curiosity

  character

 

What is research? 

 a procedure by which we attempt to find systematically, and  with the support of demonstrable fact the answer to a question or the resolution of a problem.

 

 

Characteristics

Ways of Understanding

Methods and Methodology:Types

Units of Analysis

 

 

 

RESEARCHING  CHILDREN

Research Methods:        The Ethnography as a Collective Accomplishment

 

Ethnography

This close proximity to the social reality enables the researcher  to develop conceptual categories from the emergent data.

This methodology of "appreciation" recognizes that the activities of actors have meaning independent of the research.

 

An ethnography is extremely appropriate in researching children.

 

Critical ethnographers  raise their voice to speak to an audience "with"  their research participants as a means of empowering them by giving more authority to their voice

 

Triangulation is the application and combination of several research methodologies in the study of the same phenomenon.

 

Researching the Researcher:

Roles and Rules

 

A Question of Ethics: Trust and Truth

uncompromising honesty and objectivity

 

Confidentiality

Trust: trust needs to be developed and cannot be taken for granted. 

Legality

 

Both validity and reliability are never equally maximized within any single methodology.

 

 

 

 

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