4295 6.0 2005-2006
ETHICAL ISSUES IN THE MASS MEDIA
Take-Home Assignment. Due: January 11. Worth 25% of the final
DEFINITIONS. Define the following concepts. Each
correct definition is worth 1 point. Do not explain.
valid argument; inductive argument; major premise; minor term;
mood; informal fallacy; fallacy of division; fallacy of
presumption; undistributed term.
PART TWO: TRUE OR FALSE.
In the next 5 statements you should indicate whether they are
true or false. Each correct answer is worth 2 points.
An argument is unsound only when the premises are
In an unsound argument the conclusion must be false.
A BARBARA syllogism whose premises are true is a sound
In a 4th figure AEE syllogism if the
conclusion is true then the premises are true.
If in a 3rd figure OAO syllogism the
conclusion is false and the minor premise is true then the
major premise must be false.
PART THREE: MOODS. Indicate
whether the following 10 moods are valid or invalid. Each
correct decision is worth 1 point.
AAI- EAO- AEO- AAI- IEO- EIO- EOI-
AOO- IAI- IAA.
PART FOUR: SYLLOGISTIC ENTHYMEMES.
Rewrite the following 4 syllogistic enthymemes in standard
form (putting the major premise first, the minor premise
second and the conclusion last). Indicate the missing
component with an arrow (à).
After you have completed the syllogisms, indicate their
symbolic structure, figure and mood, and finally, find out
whether they are valid or invalid by tracing the moods in the
Poem. Each correct exercise is worth 5 points. Please, notice
that it is extremely important that your syllogisms are
correctly rewritten according to the standard form.
All honest moralists are good citizens since all good
citizens are reliable people.
criminal is a normal person given that no trustworthy person
is a criminal.
poets are writers; therefore Mrs. Hu is not a poet.
statement has been repeated thrice and all statements repeated
3 times are true.
PART FIVE: FULL SYLLOGISMS. Put
the next 4 syllogisms in standard form (major premise first,
minor premise second and the conclusion last). After you have
put them in standard form, indicate their symbolic structure,
figure and mood, and finally find out whether they are valid
or invalid by tracing their moods in the Poem. Each correct
exercise is worth 5 points. Please notice that it is extremely
important that your syllogisms are correctly written according
to the standard form.
All sharks are carnivores; therefore, no carnivores are
camelopards, because no camelopards are sharks.
All socialists are people who believe in sharing
wealth. So, because no capitalists
are people who believe in sharing wealth, no capitalists are
Some politicians are people who serve the community,
given that we know that all people who serve the community are
honest people and all honest people are politicians.
Some moralists are cynical people. In conclusion some
cynical people are not good citizens, for no moralists are
INFORMAL FALLACIES. In the following 6 exercises indicate
which informal fallacy has been committed. Explain with
brevity, clarity and precision the reason for your assessment.
Each correct exercise is worth 5 points.
laws should be respected. The formula “Force=mass times
acceleration” is a law. Therefore this formula should be
The average grade of this class is a solid B+. Now,
because Larry is a student in this class, we can say that he
has a B+ average.
Alloys of gold are malleable, since gold is malleable.
Husband: I am not having an affair with her.
Wife: You said that you are not having an affair with her.
Therefore you have admitted that you are having an affair with
is the most famous philosopher in Western civilization,
because his philosophy (with modifications) became the
official philosophy of the Catholic Church. This came about
because Aquinas and others based their philosophies on
Aristotle’s philosophy. They did this because Aristotle was
the most famous philosopher in Western civilization
high level education in nuclear medicine results in
improvements for the health of people, everyone should be
accepted in the institutes where nuclear medicine is taught.