Research Involving Animals
All research involving animals is governed by the Ontario Animals for Research Act, 1968-69 (the Act), which is implemented by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Animal Industry Branch (the Ministry), and by the Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC).
The Animal Care Committee (ACC) at York University has jurisdiction over all research involving animals conducted on the campus, and that conducted off-campus by York University faculty members (e.g. field studies on small mammals, reptiles and fish). It is the ACC's mandate to ensure that research on animals is conducted in a manner consistent with the guidelines of the CCAC. It is the policy of the University that researchers intending to use animals must obtain approval of their research protocol by the ACC before animals can be ordered or a grant application endorsed by the University. Most funding agencies require proof of such review before grant monies will be released. The procedures for such review may be found in Part III, Procedures for Research Grants and Contracts.
In addition, the ACC has specified that all students using animals in their research must be informed with regard to the care and use of experimental animals. A graduate course in Bioethics currently exists, and a similar course devoted to the care and handling of experimental animals is currently in the planning stages.
The University's animal care practices are monitored on an institutional level by both the Ministry and the CCAC. The Act requires that all animal care facilities be registered annually with the Ministry, to which a report on the total number of every species of animals used each year in each research/teaching/testing facility must be submitted. The Ministry conducts unannounced inspections of University facilities as part of its monitoring process; problems are reported to SCOR, which supervises their correction. In addition, the CCAC conducts regular site visits and prepares formal assessments of the facilities and the work of the ACC.
A consulting veterinarian visits the animal care facilities once a month to inspect conditions and provide necessary care.
"It is the policy of the University that researchers intending to use animals must obtain approval of their research protocol by the Animal Care Committee before animals can be ordered or a grant application endorsed by the University. It is the Committee's mandate to ensure that research on animals is conducted in a manner consistent with the guidelines of the Canadian Council on Animals. "
Reference documents are available from the CCAC:
Canadian Council on Animal Care
315-350 Albert Street
Ottawa ON Canada K1R 1B1
Tel: 613.238.4031 x 29
- Animal Care Committee Protocol Form
- Animal Care Committee Protocol Instructions
- Animal Care Committee Field Protocol From
- Animal Care Committee Amendment Request Form
- Animal Care Committee Renewal Request Form
Senior Manager & Policy Advisor
Office of Research Ethics
York Research Tower, Fifth Floor