Organizational information and brief history
The Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) was originally established in January 1966 by the XIth General Assembly of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) as the Inter-Union Commission on Solar-Terrestrial Physics (IUCSTP.) At its XIVth General Assembly in September 1972, ICSU reorganized IUCSTP as a special committee with responsibility for interdisciplinary solar-terrestrial physics programs of finite duration. The designation SCOSTEP took effect in September 1973 after the ratification of a new Constitution by the ICSU Executive Board and General Committee. In September 1978, with the ratification of the current Constitution by the XVIIth ICSU General Assembly, SCOSTEP became a Scientific Committee of ICSU charged with the long-term responsibility to promote international interdisciplinary programs in solar-terrestrial physics. In May 1982, SCOSTEP held its first General Council Meeting under the new Constitution. The Constitution was revised in 1988.
The Scientific Committee On Solar-TErrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) organises and conducts international solar-terrestrial physics (STP) programmes of finite duration in co-operation with other ICSU bodies. They share results of these programmes by joining in conducting meetings, conferences, and workshops and by publishing newsletters, handbooks and special journal issues about these STP programmes. SCOSTEP is an outgrowth of earlier bodies in ICSU involved in planning and implementing the International Geophysical Year (IGY: 1957-58) and the International Quiet Sun Year (IQSY: 1964-65). Completed SCOSTEP programmes include: International Magnetospheric Study (IMS: 1976-79); Solar Maximum Year (SMY: 1979-81); Middle Atmosphere Program (MAP: 1982-85); and Solar-Terrestrial Energy Program (STEP: 1990-97). Four Post-STEP programmes over the period 1998-2002 include: STEP-Results, Applications, and Modeling Phase (SRAMP http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/SRAMP/sramp.html ); International Solar Cycle Study (ISCS http://cspar.uah.edu/iscs ); Planetary Scale Mesopause Observing System (PSMOS http://www.hao.ucar.edu/psmos/home.html ); Equatorial Processes Including Coupling (EPIC http://www.kurasc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/%7Eepic ); and Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System (CAWSES: 2004-2008 http://www.bu.edu/cawses/).
SCOSTEP operates as an ICSU body, its General Council providing oversight for SCOSTEP operations and participates in election of the Executive Officers. A Bureau directs scientific, administrative and financial activities. They select the Scientific Secretary who administers the Secretariat, organizes meetings, and conducts the financial business of SCOSTEP. An international group of Scientific Discipline Representatives provides advice to SCOSTEP about scientific programmes and serves to link activities in their fields to our programmes. They lead within SCOSTEP and through other ICSU bodies to propose new programmes and participate in the Steering Committees and projects of ongoing programmes. Funding for these activities comes from ICSU annual grants; annual National Adherent subscriptions; and special grants as well as from services provided by host organisations. The Scientific Secretary provides an annual audited financial statement to ICSU and the Bureau. SCOSTEP seeks opportunities for interaction with national and international programs involving STP elements. It provides guidance to the STP discipline centers of ICSU’s World Data Center system. It attempts to develop and sustain student interest in Sun-Earth Connections, to promote efficient exchange of data and information between STP scientists in all countries, and to seek projects and programs that cross over traditional boundaries of physical regions and focused scientific disciplines.
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