Representing someone else's ideas, writing, images or other intellectual property as your own constitutes plagiarism, and is another form of academic dishonesty. Any use of the work of others, whether published, unpublished or posted electronically (e.g., on web sites), attributed or anonymous, must include proper acknowledgement.


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Using and Citing Sources

In everyday conversation, we refer informally to what friends, family, and colleagues have said. Similarly, in academic writing, we also make use of the observations and ideas of others, but we cite these sources formally and in stylized ways. Using and citing sources appropriately:


identifies the academic conversation in which you are participating and clarifies what other authors are participating

enables your readers to locate your sources and to learn more about the topic from them

allows your reader to establish the reliability of the information you present

helps justify your choice of topic and methodological approach

acknowledges the originator of a particular term, concept, or theory, and the intellectual property of others

can strengthen your work by allowing you to affiliate yourself with ideas and opinions with which you may agree, and distance yourself from those with which you disagree

helps you to avoid committing plagiarism