Creating a Search Strategy

This module will address how to create a library search strategy to help you

find resources for your research. Whether you are just starting to think about a research topic or you already have a working topic, it will be helpful to develop a strategy to organize your library search.


As a first step to creating a search strategy, identify the main concepts for your topic or research question. Topics and research questions generally involve relationships among two or more concepts. Your main purpose at this stage is to derive a list of concrete terms that taken together capture the essence of your question or topic.

For example, if your topic is “the effects of bullying on academic achievement in girls”, concepts may include bullying, academic achievement and girls.


The term “effects” is too general to be useful at this stage. Instead you might think about what some possible “effects” of bullying on academic achievement are, such as low grades, failure, or poor attendance and use these as potential concepts. In most cases, avoid general terms such as “effects”, “challenges”, “consequences”, “advantages”, “disadvantages”, “pros”, and “cons”.

Click the buttons below to see more examples of how to identify concepts for a topic or research question.