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The answer is check mark Yes.

Ideas that are taken from the original passage are clearly noted with in-text citations in parentheses as well as with the signal phrases "Louis Giannetti suggests…" and "as Giannetti briefly suggests". A direct quotation and specific page reference is used for the unusual phrase "almost gargoylelike in [her] grotesqueness". ("Her" is in square brackets here because the writer changed this one word to suit her purpose.) A full reference will appear in the bibliography to allow the reader to locate the original source.

Louis Giannetti (1981) suggests that many of Billy Wilder's characters represent personification of such vices as pride, hypocrisy, and lust. Norma Desmond, the reclusive former silent movie queen of Sunset Boulevard, is so steeped in vanity and self-delusion that she is "almost gargoylelike in [her] grotesqueness" (324). Nevertheless (as Giannetti briefly suggests), she remains a strongly individualized character. {This can be seen in her vulnerability and developing attachment to the protagonist. She is not merely a caricature but a victim of her own vices, and we feel pity for her reclusive situation and fragile mental state.}

Furthermore, the writer has not only used Giannetti's ideas, but has extended them with her own interpretation by building on Giannetti's brief reference to character individualization. The student's own interpretation is shown here in {purple text with curly brackets}.

Some students are anxious about using too many sources: "but then everything would be in quotations!" Good students do not merely cite and acknowledge ideas from other sources, but work to develop the skills of analyzing and integrating these ideas into their own argument or interpretation. Here's a good, simple strategy: whenever you use a source, add your own comments about how and why this passage relates to your essay question. This way, you will always show your own thinking, not merely repeat others.

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