In your own academic work, you will need to find out what format you are expected to use for your references - this is usually stated with the description of your assignments in your course outline. If you are unsure, please consult the course professor, teaching assistant, or visit the York University Libraries Website for more information. Below are some examples of reference styles:
- American Sociological Association Format
- APA Writing Guide Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th Edition
- Chicago Referencing Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Edition (2003)
- MLA Format MLA handbook for writers of research papers (2003)
- Oxford Style
- Vancouver Style
Pay attention to the details of the format: there can be very specific requirements about the order of the information, or for particular kinds of information to be written in fonts such as bold or italic, or for a specific sequence of punctuation marks to separate the different kinds of information. Accuracy is important as it is very frustrating to be unable to find something because the reference was incorrect or incomplete.
Tools/Help with Referencing:
Time and Planning: First and foremost, give yourself time for your assignment. Keep careful track of what you read, and if there are ideas or quotes you think you will use, find a system to label them with the information you will need to reference them later.
RefWorks: York provides you with free access to a very helpful tool called RefWorks. RefWorks is a web-based bibliographic management tool (citation manager) that allows you to create a database of citations or references to resources (books, journal articles, web sites, etc.). It facilitates the insertion of citations within a research paper as in-text references, footnotes, or endnotes, and the creation of a formatted bibliography using a citation style of choice. All major citation styles are supported (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.).
York University Libraries: The library has lots of links to resources on referencing materials in your academic work as well as an online bilingual tutorial on using RefWorks. Do ask a librarian if you are unsure or need help.
Other sources of Help:
Ready to proceed? Go to the next section, How to Cite right.