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Seminar – Integrated Climate–Biodiversity Strategies for an Accelerated and Just Transition

18 May 2022 @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

The two planetary crises of climate change and ecosystem degradation are profoundly interlinked. The implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement will undergo a major assessment in 2023 with the first “global stocktake” (GST). Preparations are underway against a backdrop of stark warnings from the scientific community that the window to stay within safe planetary boundaries is vanishingly small, as evidenced by the IPCC 6th Assessment Report.

Strategies that contribute to the protection, restoration, and sustainable management of natural carbon sinks are high on the agenda, such as nature protection over large areas, reforestation, rewilding initiatives, green infrastructure in urban areas, and restoration and sustainable management of coastal and marine ecosystems. If done right, these strategies can accelerate ambition toward both climate and biodiversity goals by alleviating ecosystem degradation, reducing carbon emissions resulting from land conversion, and promoting natural carbon removal. These strategies can also bring along a range of social benefits for health and well-being, disaster risk management, job creation, diversification of income, and others, but over-optimism about synergies can overlook trade-offs and negative consequences that can stall progress. A systematic understanding of the literature can help identify approaches, methods, and knowledge gaps, and contribute to building a knowledge base to offer critical advice for policy solutions.

In this presentation, Dahdaleh Institute Faculty Fellow Prof. Idil Boran and Dahdaleh Institute Research Associate Nilanjana Ganguli of the Synergies of Planetary Health Research Initiative & Lab will showcase their work in progress on a systematic literature review. The study aims to identify approaches, methods, and gaps in the literature on joint ambition for climate and nature and assess the ambitions' contributions to three social goals around the world: (1) human health; (2) gender equality and women’s empowerment; (3) and poverty reduction.

After providing a short overview of the policy context and theoretical framework, the presenters will discuss the method for the literature review. Following the PRISMA 2020 guideline, a search strategy has been implemented across three databases—Web of Science, Scopus, and Proquest—covering publications between 2010 and 2021. The presenters will discuss insights that emerge from a sample of the data collected and then facilitate a discussion about how this project can produce policy recommendations to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which seeks to boost multi-actor ambition for climate mitigation and adaptation that supports both climate and nature.