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Related Projects

The CCRI is related to both Canadian and international census projects.

Canadian Census Projects Canadian Census Projects
International Census Projects International Census Projects


Canadian Census Projects

1852 PRDH Canadian Census Project

  • A 20% sample of the 1852 Census of Canada East and Canada West has been prepared by Lisa Dillion and Alexandre Bujold of the Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH) website, Université de Montréal.
  • The final version of the database will contain 259,000 persons.
  • The PRDH is currently planning to work with the Genealogical Society of Utah to expand this database to 100%, as well as to create a 100% database of the 1861 Census of Canada.
  • Website: http://www.prdh.umontreal.ca/census/en/main.aspx

1871 Canadian Census Project

  • This is the first representative sample of a national census, created by Gordon Darroch and Michael Ornstein (York).
  • The “microdata” database (individual level records, sometimes called nominative or name records) consists of about 10,000 households (60,000 individuals).
  • Currently available from CHASS website hosted by U of T..This sample is now part of an international comparative project and the subject of a number of publications.

1881 Canadian Census Project

  • A collaborative initiative of the University of Ottawa, the Université de Montréal and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  • The database consists of a one hundred percent sample of the 1881 Canadian census containing over 4.3 million records.
  • It is connected to the North Atlantic Population Project (NAPP) (see below).
  • This database is available for download via the Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH) website, Université de Montréal, at the following website. Users can also conduct name searches on this database via the website.
  • Website: http://www.prdh.umontreal.ca/census/en/main.aspx

1891 Public-Use Microsample for Ontario and Canada

  • University of Guelph researchers are currently compiling a 5% sample of the 2,114,000 residents enumerated in the 1891 Census of Canada for Ontario. Recent funding has been announced for the expanding this to a national sample.
  • Funded by the Canadian Foundation for Innovation and the University of Guelph. Four year project to be completed in Spring 2005.
  • Principals are Kris Inwood, Douglas McCalla and Kevin James.
  • Website: http://www.census1891.ca/

1901 Canadian Families Project (CFP)

  • An MCRI project, based at the University of Victoria, with collaborators from York, Ottawa, Concordia and Sherbrooke.
  • Created a “microdata” database representing five percent of the 1901 census (265,000 individuals).
  • Currently available on CD-Rom from the University of Victoria.
  • Its primary aim is the re-investigation of family in Canada.
  • The basis of CBC’s Ideas, radio program, “A Century of Children,” 2002-2003.
  • Website: http://web.uvic.ca/hrd/cfp/

1971 – 1996: Statistics Canada and the Data Liberation Initiative (DLI)

  • “Anonymized” individual level data is currently available from Statistics Canada for 5% samples of the 1971- 1996 Canadian censuses (PUMS: Public-Use Samples).
  • The DLI is key to permitting access to much previously inaccessible Statistics Canada survey and census data.
  • The Public Use census samples are accessed through Statistics Canada websites. Recent detailed longitudinal survey and other Statistics Canada data are accessible through the Research Data Centres (one is located at the U of T Robart’s Library).
  • The historical samples allow one to see the names of the enumerated persons, but of course, confidentiality rules require that contemporary census data available in “anonymized” form.
  • Statistics Canada’s public-use samples allow one to examine and look at relationships among variables for individuals without being able to identify them.
  • Website: http://www.statcan.ca/english/Dli/dli.htm


  • Produced by Statistics Canada, it includes complete results from the 1986-1996 Census of
  • Population and Dwellings Counts; some tables from the 1996 Census of Agriculture; data from
  • Elections Canada containing statistics on the 1997 Federal General Election; all Censuse between 1666 and 1871. It is updated once a year during the summer months and is free to educational institutions.
  • Website: http://www.statcan.ca/english/ads/estat/index.htm


International Census Projects

The U.S. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS)

  • This is a series of Web-extractable, historical census microdata spanning the years 1850 to 2000, created and maintained by the University of Minnesota’s Population Center.
  • Provides a model of the kind of web-based extraction and documentation system CCRI will produce.
  • Census samples 1850-1920 now available. 1930 under construction and all integrated with Census Bureau’s, since 1960.
  • Website: http://usa.ipums.org/usa/

North Atlantic Population Project (NAPP)

  • Over the past 20 years, volunteers with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and genealogical societies in England have entered 100% of the 1880 U.S., 1881 England, Wales & Scotland, and 1881 Canadian censuses into database form. This database is available for download via the Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH) website, Université de Montréal, at:
  • For the purposes of both genealogical and historical research, these databases are now without question our most valuable sources on ordinary Britons, Canadians and Americans in the late nineteenth century.
  • Over the past two decades, Norwegian researchers digitized the national censuses of 1865 and 1900, and the census of 1875 is well underway. Although the primary use of these materials to date has been for genealogical purposes, they were envisioned from the beginning as a source for social science research. In Iceland, the censuses of 1860, 1870 and 1901 have been transcribed as part of an effort to construct genealogies for genetic research, and work is underway on the censuses of 1880 and 1890.
  • Website: http://www.nappdata.org/

The CCRI project also has a large number of partners.