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Section: Creating a bibliography

Creating a bibliography

A list of references that you have used in your paper is called a bibliography or simply references, and appears at the end of your essay. This is a complete list of every source that you make reference to in your essay. Accuracy is very important when creating a bibliography as it provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources cited in your essay. 

Most bibliography entries will contain basic information such as:

Author/s: you will usually find the author's name at the bottom of the web page, however some stand-alone documents will have the author's name at the top of the page. In some cases the author of an internet site can be an organization responsible for the site. Look at examples below.

Publication and Date of access: in the case of print citations, only the publication date is usually listed.  Many electronic resources are updated regularly and may be unstable. Thus, when citing electronic sources you should include both the date of original publication (if available) and the date on which the material was accessed. You will usually find a site's publication date by scrolling down to the bottom of the page.

Title: If you are having difficulty identifying the title of the page you want to reference, put your cursor anywhere in the page and right click, select "view page source" and look for the heading "title" in the window that pops up, which should contain the title of the page.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator): with most browsers, the URL of the document you are viewing is given in a window at the top of the screen. On occasion, the URL may be too long to be completely visible in the window. In such cases, you can click on the address to produce a cursor and use the cursor keys to move to its end.





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