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Pre-Writing Strategies Tutorial » "Conscious" Pre-Writing Strategies

Examples of "Conscious" Strategies

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Journalists' Questions

Assignment Topic: Discuss the greenhouse effect as it relates to Canada.

Models of the Journalist's Questions
Category Model Answer

Canadians--any group of Canadians in particular? Young Canadians who will see what it's like in the future.

Also scientists: some believe there will be significant changes, some don't. Who is right?

What? greenhouse effect--better define what it is. Refer to Holoway article. What do we risk if we choose the wrong path?
When? now? in 10 years? 20 years? what will people who are young now experience in 20 years compared to today.
Where? what part of Canada? Ontario, Prairies, Arctic? Do I need to narrow down the geographical area? What will be the visible effects in the Toronto or Vancouver area, or far north. Follow one person who lives in Ontario and the differences they might see?
Why? effects it's going to have on us--water level, growing seasons, pollution... I have to decide what to focus on.
How? get a scientific explanation? how greenhouse effect works. how greenhouse effect will affect us in terms of lifestyle, health, etc. (in 2020?)

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Aristotle's Topics

Assignment Topic: the concepts of "King" and "Law" in the High Medieval period (13th century)

Models of Aristotle's Topics
Category Model Answer

a king is a a ruler--right to the throne decided by heredity or marriage--a man

belongs to category of rulers--other rulers? popes, emperors, presidents

also category of nobility--comes from that class and serves/protects primarily them

function of a king is to defend law (for who--mostly nobility); maker of law; symbolic functions?

Comparison and Contrast

compare to a pope (relationship with God, or God-given authority)

contrast to a modern democratic ruler (function in law) or to a modern king in western Europe

Cause and Effect

Possible causes or antecedents of medieval kings are early medieval kings--tribal leaders, etc. feudalism.

late Classical rulers

class consciousness--growing power of noble classes; awareness of "lower classes"

Effects or consequences of medieval kings are modern kings--what their functions are now law codes; ruler having authority from the people, not from God

Support from Evidence

Expert opinions on medieval kings =

Kern says --> laws are made by being customs (because they're old) and kings defend customs.

But Post says --> kings make laws for the people--nobility and even lower classes.

Research/sources on medieval kings: Magna Carta is good--it says it is a statement of customs, but later was used to show the king's law comes from his people.

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Assignment Topic: Discuss Hamlet's "madness"

Models of Tagmemics
Category Model Answer
Particle (self-contained)

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is --> moody, intelligent, honourable, inexperienced

Hamlet's madness is --> false, a put-on--he decides to convince people he is mad. A self-fulfilling prophecy.

Wave (changes over time)

father was murdered by his uncle, who married mom.

he was not so moody in the past; he loved Ophelia but now he rejects her; he doesn't confide in his friends.

he changes quickly after learning the truth about his father's murder. he hesitates to avenge his father--this leads to tragedy.

I should talk about whether he is just acting mad all the way through, or if he really does go a little bonkers after a while.

Field (in a larger context)

Compare Hamlet to Laertes or Horatio (his age)--would they have reacted like he did?

His madness is integral to the play--if he hadn't acted mad, Ophelia wouldn't have died, Laertes wouldn't have wanted to kill him, etc.

Can I claim that some things (like maybe his mother's dying) wouldn't have happened if Hamlet really was only pretending--he would have prevented it if he hadn't been a little unbalanced himself?

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Assignment Topic: Greenhouse effect as it relates to Canada

Models of Synectics
Category Model Answer
Personal Analogy (if it were me) The greenhouse effect on the earth is like the effect of a rising fever on my body--it changes my "climate" and the way I respond to things
Direct Analogy (to something concrete) the warming up of the earth has already been made into a direct analogy by scientists--the greenhouse. Is there another good direct analogy for the warming effect?
Symbolic Analogy (to something abstract) It's like an exponential equation in math--the kind that curves up on a graph, with a higher slope the longer it lasts (the longer we don't do anything about it, the faster it will get worse)
Fantasy Analogy (wild and crazy) the warming effect is like a giant fire-breathing dragon toasting the earth! (good thing this is only pre-writing and I don't have to say why... )

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