Selected Publications
Please note that these articles are provided for private study and/or research purposes only. In some cases, the page-proofs are provided.
document Cyr, E., Kroeper, K. M., Bergsieker, H. B., Dennehy, T. C., Logel, C., Steele, J.R.,[...], Zanna, M., Staub-French, S., Wells, M., Schmader, T., Wright, S. C., Spencer, S. J. (accepted). Girls are good at STEM: Opening minds and providing evidence reduces boys’ stereotyping of girls’ STEM ability. Child Development.
document Saxler, F. M., Dorrough, A. R., Froehlich, L., Block, K., Croft, A., Meeuseen, L., Olsson, M. […], Lapytskaia Aidy, C., […] Steele., J. R., […], & Martiny, S. (2024). Did descriptive and prescriptive norms about gender equality at home change during the COVID-19 pandemic? PSPB.
document Steele, J. R., & Lipman, C. (2023). Children’s implicit attitudes toward others who differ by race and gender. Developmental Psychology. 59(5), 908–917.
document Olsson M., van Grootel, S., Block, K., Schuster, C., Meeussen, L., Van Laar, C., Schmader, T., Croft, A., Sun, M., […], Lapytskaia Aidy, C.*, […], Steele., J. R., […], & Martiny, S. (2023). Gender gap in parental leave intentions: Evidence from 37 countries. Political Psychology.
document George, M., Guilfoyle, J., Steele, J. R., & Struthers, C. W. (2023). A sorry excuse for an apology: Examining people’s mental representations of an apologetic face. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 47, 57-81.
document Steele, J. R., Lee, J. J., & Baron, A. S. (2021). Engendering success in politics: A pipeline problem requires a pipeline solution. Psychological Inquiry, 32(2), 131-136.
document Lipman, C., Williams, A., Kawakami, K., & Steele, J. R.(2021). Children’s spontaneous associations with targets who differ by race and emotional expression. Developmental Psychology, 57(7), 1094–1110.
document Gonzalez, A.M., Steele, J.R., Chan, E., Lim, S., & Baron, A.S. (2021). Developmental differences in the malleability of implicit racial bias. Developmental Psychology, 57(1), 102-113.
document Alhstrom-Vij, K., & Steele, J. R.(2021). Policy, ignorance, and the will of the people: The case of ‘good immigrants’. In E. Edenberg & M. Hannon (Eds.), Political Epistemology (pp. 180-208). Oxford University Press.
document Lapytskaia Aidy, C., Steele, J. R., Williams, A., Lipman, C., Wong, O., & Mastragostino, E. (2021). Examining adolescent daughters’ and their parents’ academic-gender stereotypes: Predicting academic attitudes, ability, and STEM intentions. Journal of Adolescence, 93, 90-104.
document Ng, A. H., Steele, J. R., Sasaki, J. Y., George, M. (2020). How robust is the own-group face recognition bias? Evidence from first- and second-generation East Asian Canadians. PLOS ONE 15 (5): e0233758. pone.0233758
document Williams, A. & Steele, J.R.(2019). Examining children’s implicit racial attitudes using exemplar and category-based measures. Child Development, 90, e322–e338.
document Steele, J. R., George, M., Williams, A., & Tay, E. (2018). A cross-cultural investigation of minority and non-White majority children’s implicit attitudes towards racial outgroups. Developmental Science, 21(6), 1-12.
document Steele, J. R., George, M., Cease, M., Fabri, T.L., & Schlosser, J. (2018). Not always Black and White: The effect of race and emotional expression on implicit attitudes. Social Cognition (Special Issue: Intersectional and Dynamic Social Categories in Social Cognition), 36(5), 534-558. https://doi:10.1521/soco.2018.36.5.534
document Pauker, K., Williams, A., & Steele, J.R. (2017). The development of racial categorization in childhood. In A. Rutland, D. Nesdale, & C. S. Brown (Eds), The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Group Process in Children and Adolescents (pp. 221-240). New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.
document Aboud, F. & Steele, J.R. (2017). Theoretical perspectives on implicit and explicit prejudice development. In A. Rutland, D. Nesdale, & C. S. Brown (Eds), The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Group Process in Children and Adolescents (pp. 167-183). New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.
document Rattan, A., Steele, J. R., & Ambady, N. (2017). Identical applicant but different outcomes: The impact of gender versus race salience in hiring. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 22(1), 1-18.
document Williams, A., Steele, J. R., Lipman, C. (2016). Assessing children’s implicit attitudes using the Affect Misattribution Procedure. Journal of Cognition and Development, 17(3), 505-525.
document Ng, A. H, Steele, J. R., & Sasaki, J. (2016). Will you remember me? Cultural differences in own-group face recognition biases. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 64, 21-26.
document Pauker, K., Williams, A., & Steele, J. R.(2016). Children’s racial categorization in context. Child Development Perspectives, 10 (1), 33–38.
document Williams, A. & Steele, J. R. (2016). The reliability of child-friendly race-attitude Implicit Association Tests. Frontiers: Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, 7, 1-11.
document Gonzalez, A. M., Steele, J.R., Baron, A.S.(2016). Reducing children’s implicit racial bias through exposure to positive outgroup exemplars. Child Development, 88(1), 123–130.
document Ng, A. H., Steele, J.R., Sasaki, J.Y., Sakamoto, Y., Williams, A. (2015). Culture moderates the relationship between interdependence and face recognition. Frontiers in Psychology: Cultural Psychology, 6, 1-7.
document Régner, I., Steele, J. R., Ambady, N., Thinus-Blanc, C., & Huguet, P. (2014). Our future scientists: A review of stereotype threat in young girls from early elementary school to middle school. International Review of Social Psychology [Special Issue: Stereotype threat in children], 27, 13-51.
document Steele, J. R., Bianchi, E. C., & Ambady, N. (2014). The effect of racial primes on the test performance of African-American and European-American children. International Review of Social Psychology [Special Issue: Stereotype threat in children], 27, 161-174.
document Régner, I., Steele, J. R., & Huguet, P. (2014). Stereotype threat in children: Past and present. International Review of Social Psychology [Special Issue: Stereotype threat in children], 27, 5-12.
document Bair, A., Steele, J. R., & Mills, J. (2014). Do these norms make me look fat? The effect of exposure to normative body ideals on personal body ideals. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 11 (3), 275-281.
document Ball, L. C., Cribbie, R. A., Steele, J. R. (2013). Beyond gender differences: Using tests of equivalence to evaluate gender similarities. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 37 (2), 147-154.
document Peach, J. M., Yoshida, E., Spencer, S. J., Zanna, M. P., & Steele, J. R.(2011). Recognizing discrimination explicitly while denying it implicitly: Implicit social identity protection. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47(2), 283-292.
document Bair, A. N., & Steele, J. R.(2010). Examining the consequences of exposure to racism for the executive functioning of Black students. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(1), 127-132.
document Kawakami, K., Steele, J. R., Cifa, C., Phills, C. E., & Dovidio, J. F. (2008). Approaching math increases Math = Me, Math = Pleasant, and perseverance at math in women. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44(3), 818-825.
document Kawakami, K., Phills, C., Steele, J. R., & Dovidio, J. F.(2007). (Close) distance makes the heart grow fonder: Improving implicit racial attitudes and interracial interactions through approach behaviours. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 957-971.
document Steele, J.R., Reisz, L., Williams, A., & Kawakami, K.(2007). Women in mathematics: Examining the hidden barriers that gender stereotypes can impose. In R. Burke & M. Mattis (Eds.), Women and minorities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics: Upping the numbers (pp.159-183). London: Edward Elgar.
document Steele, J. R., & Ambady, N.(2006). "Math is hard!": The effect of gender priming on women's attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42(4), 428-436.
document Steele, J., Choi, Y. S., & Ambady, N.(2004). Stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination: The effect of group based expectations on moral functioning. In T. A. Thorkildsen, J. Manning, & H. J. Walberg (Eds.), Nurturing Morality (pp. 77-97). New York: Kluwer Academic.
document Ambady, N., Paik, S. K., Steele, J., Owen-Smith, A., & Mitchell, J. P.(2004). Deflecting negative self-relevant stereotype activation: The effects of individuation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(3), 401-408.
document Barnett, R. C., Gareis, K. C., James, J. B., & Steele, J.(2003). Planning ahead: College seniors' concerns about career-marriage conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 62(2), 305-319.
document Steele, J.(2003). Children's gender stereotypes in mathematics: The role of stereotype stratification. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(12), 2587-2606.
document Steele, J., James, J., & Barnett, R.(2002). Learning in a man's world: Examining the perceptions of undergraduate women in male-dominated academic areas. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 26(1), 46-50.
document Steele, J., & Barling, J.(1996). Influence of maternal gender-role beliefs and role satisfaction on daughters' vocational interests. Sex Roles, 34 (9/10), 637- 648.



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© 2007 Jennifer Steele, Ph.D., York University.                For information about this website please contact Erik Allen at                Last updated: 2024-06-05