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York Centre for Asian Research Updates                    Issue 79, Friday, February 23, 2007

In this issue

Current Events

 ABMP/CMTP conducts language and research training for Chinese lecturers
  Seminar-Workshops  York KM unit to hold seminar on immigration and settlement matters

Call for Papers

 Metropolis conference on migration, economic growth and social cohesion

Request for Proposals

 WLKC requests for proposals on barriers to work-related learning

Asian Analysis

 India's Pakistan Dilemma by Rana Ganguly

ABMP/CMTP conducts language and research training for Chinese visiting lecturers

The Asian Business and Management Program/China Management Training Project (ABMP/CMTP) received this February a group of visiting faculty and lecturers from Chongqing Jiaotong University - a science and technology-based institution located in southwest China. The group will stay in Toronto for 3 months to undergo language, management and research training as well as observe classes at York in relation to their disciplines - finance, law, computer science, civil engineering, and post-secondary education. The ABMP/CMTP administers and facilitates specifically designed professional and managerial courses for Chinese nationals. For more information on its training programmes, visit its website at or contact Jingbo Zhang, Project Administrator, at

On Monday, February 26 from 12-1:30pm at 270B York Lanes, Maita Abola Sayo, York PhD Candidate in Political Science, will present her brownbag talk on "Meditations on primitive accumulation, ‘new’ imperialism, and the body." Maita's research aims to unravel how the ‘Filipina body’ is marked and captured within the context of empire and ‘new’ imperialism. This is charged by three questions: first, why is it productive to re-centre discourses on racialisation and the body in the context of the Philippine social imaginary? Second, how are Filipina bodies dialectically constituted, marked, and captured within the context of empire? Finally, can ethnographic research on the narratives and subjectivities of Filipina migratory labourers contradictorily disrupt yet reproduce their reification as bodies that are marginal and anecdotal to the violences embedded within the reproduction of global capitalism through primitive accumulation? Graduate students are encouraged to attend and participate in the discussions.

On Tuesday, February 27, Senator Vivienne Poy will be speaking on “Who's a Canadian?” from 11:00 – 13:00, Room UC 140 at the University of Toronto. This is a guest speaker series event presented by the University College Canadian Studies Program and UNI 307Y, “Asian Cultures in Canada”. For more information on the event, please contact: Julie Mehta (416) 871-2647 or Parul Pandya (416) 978-8153. Web:

We would also like to congratulate York Atkinson Professor and YCAR Faculty Member, Dr. Jay Goulding for his recent speaking engagement at the Chinese New Year Celebration at the Bata Shoe Museum chaired by Ms. Sonja Bata and Senator Vivienne Poy. The event was co-organized by the Asian Heritage Month-Canadian Foundation for Asian Culture (Central Inc.) in which YCAR Research Associate, Dr. Kay Li, is the newly elected president. The event was also attended by YCAR Associate Director, Wendy Wong.  In photo (l-r): Tom Bata, Wendy Wong, Vivienne Poy, Jay Goulding, and Sonja Bata). See article in Y-File.

On Wednesday, Feb 28 from 12-1:30pm at 270BYork Lanes, June Rhee, York PhD Candidate in Humanities, will present her talk on Na Un-Kyu’s Film, Arirang, and the making of a national narrative in South and North Korea. A comparative analysis of texts written in North and South Korea will be examined in order to reach a communicative point, where colonial memory is crucial to understanding the history and culture of the two Koreas today; and simultaneously delineating the nature of each nation’s polity by examining the texts concurrently with cultural policies and social milieu. The cultural policies of North Korea is followed chronologically with a particular focus on Juch‛e munye iron (Juch’e theory of art).

On Thursday, March 1, the Asian Institute and YCAR will co-sponsor a Taiwan Roundtable with the theme "A Dangerous Memory Rhetorically Perceived: Revisiting the 228 Incident after 60 Years of Ambiguity". The event is organized by YCAR Research Associate, Michael Stainton (left photo) who can be contacted for further details at The 228 Massacre of some 20,000 Taiwanese by Chinese KMT troops in 1947 is the defining moment of modern Taiwanese history. It gave birth to the Taiwan Independence movement, and has cast a persistent shadow over Taiwan’s ethnic politics. Though national commemoration has replaced enforced silence, “228” remains a dangerous free memory with much transformative power. The event features Dr. TiN Giongun, Principal of the Taiwan Theological Seminary and a historian who has written on the history and meanings of 228. He creatively combines resistance theology, subaltern history and engaged politics. The event will be held at 7:30pm, Room 208N, Munk Centre, University of Toronto, 1 Devonshire Place.  To register attendance, go to

Also as part of the Asian Institute's Hong Kong in 2007 Series: A Prospective Retrospective, YCAR Faculty Associate, Susan Henders of York Political Science, will speak on the topic of Inequality and Autonomy: The Double Dynamic of Hong Kong's Special Status on Friday, March 2 from 2-4pm at 208 North House, Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto, 1 Devonshire Place. Susan's
current projects include a study of the internationalization of minority self-government arrangements and a study of the cross-border roles of non-central/federal governments in Eastern Asia. To register attendance, go to:

Reminder: David Wurfel Award Competition for scholars engaged in Philippine studies due March 15

The David Wurfel Award provides financial support to an honors undergraduate or masters graduate student who intends to conduct thesis research on the topic of Filipino history, culture, or society.
Value (2007): CAD $2000. The award is open to students enrolled in York University in social sciences or humanities programs (including the Faculties of Law and Environmental Studies), who are Canadian citizens/permanent residents/protected persons, have a grade point average of at least 6.0, and demonstrate financial need. Application Deadline: March 15, 2007. For more information, visit our website at:

York KM unit to hold seminar on immigration and settlement matters

Knowledge Mobilization on the National Stage – The Metropolis Experience
York Lanes Room 280, Monday March 5, 2007, 10:00 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.

The KM Unit at York University is pleased to welcome John Biles as the speaker for the Spring 2007 installment of our KM Seminar Series. John Biles is the Director of Partnerships and Knowledge Transfer, Metropolis Project of the Citizenship and Immigration Canada. John Biles has completed degrees in history and political science, English literature and Canadian Studies. His interdisciplinary background has stood him in good stead for tackling a range of policy-research topics relating to immigration and diversity. The entire Project Team works on the transfer of research findings from academe into the worlds of policymakers and practitioners. However, John has the lead on ensuring that the project continues to find innovative ways to bring the findings of Metropolis research to a range of stakeholders. Recent initiatives have included special issues of journals, including a special issue of Canadian Ethnic Studies focusing on diversity and identity, and an issue of the Journal of International Migration and Integration focused on religion and migration. He is presently a policy editor on a pair of special issues of Canadian Ethnic Studies one of which will focus on challenges facing multiculturalism and the other will focus on regionalization and immigration; as well as a special issue of National Identities that will focus on diversity and national identities.

Knowledge Mobilization at York: York’s KM Unit provides services and funding for faculty, graduate students and community organizations seeking to maximize the impact of academic research and expertise on public policy, social programming and professional practice. KM seminars provide opportunities for York University and community organizations to learn from the experiences of KM practitioners and KM researchers. York's KM Unit is supported by grants from SSHRC and CIHR and from the Office of the Vice-President Research & Innovation. For more information please contact Michael Johnny at or x88876.

Also the Office of the Vice-President Research and Innovation and the Office of Research Services are pleased to invite you to attend an information session on Intellectual Property for Researchers on March 6, 2007 from 2-4 pm at the Harry Crowe Room, 109 Atkinson. Speakers will discuss various issues relating to intellectual property and how to protect it.

2:00 – 3:00 Mark Biernacki, Smart & Biggar, Canadian Intellectual Property Office ‘Bank of Speakers’ Program
3:00 – 3:30 Peter Pekos, Dalton Pharma Services
3:30 – 4:00 Christopher Hunter, McCarthy Tétrault

Please RSVP to by March 1, 2007. Please also include the names of any graduate students or postdoctoral fellows who are also interested in attending. Please direct questions to Michelle Lindsay, Manager, Research Contracts & Intellectual Property at x20579 or

Call for Papers: 12th International Metropolis Conference on Migration, Economic Growth and Social Cohesion

8-12 October 2007, Melbourne, Australia

The Metropolis conference is the largest annual event on migration and diversity, and this year's International Metropolis Conference is expected to attract more than 500 researchers, policy-makers and non-governmental organizations. A hallmark of the conference is its workshop programme, and proposals for workshops are now being accepted. Workshops must feature international comparative content and presenters from a wide range of perspectives.

Workshops related to the conference themes are particularly encouraged. Proposals must be submitted using the workshop proposal form. Information about conference themes and other details are on the conference website at The deadline to submit a workshop proposal has been extended to March 15, 2007. Note: Workshop proposals must be submitted electronically via email as word document to

In addition to the workshop programme, the conference will feature a number of exciting plenary sessions, a range of informative study tours, and an opportunity to experience Australian hospitality and culture.

WLKC requests proposals on barriers to work-related learning & labour market transitions

The Work and Learning Knowledge Centre (WLKC) Consortium recently announced a Request for Proposal (RFP) - Three Synthesis Research projects on Barriers to Work-related Learning and Labour Market Transitions.

OBJECTIVES Project on which proposals are invited: (1) Innovative, effective or promising measures to improve school-to-work transitions; (2) Innovative, effective or promising approaches to improve learning-to-work and work-to-learning transitions for employed workers; (3) Innovative, effective or promising approaches to address barriers to work-related learning for individuals who are not employed. For detailed information on each of the above project objectives, please contact the Office of Research Services at or ext. 55055.

DURATION: Suggested Project Timetable: Begin in March 2007 and conclude by June 30, 2007. VALUE: Up to $40,000. DEADLINE: March 7, 2007.

Also, the 2008 Killam Research Fellowship competition is now open. For complete information on this fellowship, please contact ORS at ext. 55055 ( or consult Canada Council's website at:

OBJECTIVE: To provide full release time from teaching and administrative duties to an individual scholar who wishes to pursue independent research in any of the following fields: humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, health sciences, engineering and studies linking any of the disciplines within these fields. Note: The award is not intended as a subsidy for the overall research or teaching program of a department, institute or centre, and it is not offered for work undertaken as part of a degree program. An individual may win this award only once.

VALUE: Killam Research Fellowships provide release time and are valued at $70,000 per year. The funds are paid to the university or research institution which employs the Fellow. The university or research institution that employs the Killam Research Fellow is expected to relieve him or her of all teaching and administrative responsibilities, and to continue to pay the Fellow’s full salary and benefits during the full tenure of the fellowship. The fellowship funds assist the university or research institution in defraying the costs of replacing the Fellow and in paying the Fellow’s salary and benefits during the two-year fellowship period.

DURATION: Two years. DEADLINE: May 15, 2007.


York University researchers are reminded that all applications for external research funding, including Letters of Intent, must be reviewed and approved by the Office of Research Services before they are submitted to the granting agency. For internal approval, the application must be accompanied by a completed ORS Application Checklist, which requires the Chair’s and Dean’s signatures. To ensure that the approved application is ready by agency deadline, a complete application folder must be submitted to ORS ten (10) working days prior to submission date. Office of Research Services, 214 York Lanes, York University, Tel: 416-736-2100. Fax: 416-736-5512.

Asian Analysis: India's Pakistan Dilemma, by Rana Ganguly, February 2007

After the Kargil war in 1999, India and Pakistan have engaged each other in a continuing process of dialogue and confidence-building measures. This process has been hailed as a positive initiative by the global community and South Asia watchers. However, in recent times the process seems to be encountering roadblocks more often than not. The vexatious issue of a solution to the Kashmir problem has so far been regarded by cognoscenti from both sides as the biggest stumbling block. However, many analysts now attribute Pakistan's ambiguous stand on Islamic jihad and sustained support from its soil to the globalisation of terrorism as very significant factors that fuel India's (and that of the global community's) growing mistrust of its intentions. Leading international security agencies and analysts have already investigated and established the links of terrorist groups based in Pakistan to the September 11, Madrid, London and Mumbai bombings. The terrorist training provided to the main perpetrators in Pakistan-based camps and the involvement of terrorists of Pakistani descent in the planning, training and execution of most of these incidents seem to be common factors and have only served in confirming Pakistan's position as the hotbed of Islamic jihad and franchisee terrorism against Western democracies and neighbouring countries like Afghanistan and India. The sustained failure of the Pakistani leadership to contain these activities and dismantle the terrorist infrastructure make it suspect in the eyes of the global community. Pakistan nearly sixty years after its creation faces the risk of being identified as a failed state that exports terrorism.

India has been, and continues to remain, the major target of campaigns by Pakistan-based terrorists that started in the early nineties - well before the attacks on Western democracies commenced. Mumbai was bombed in 1993 and again in 2006. India had to restrain itself from launching retaliatory attacks on Pakistan after terrorist attacks on the Kashmir Legislative Assembly in Srinagar and the National Parliament in Delhi. Many of these campaigns were carefully planned in Pakistan to lead to growing mistrust of Indian Muslims by the rest of the community and spawn retaliatory anti-Muslim pogroms. These could eventually result in nation-wide unrest and civil war that would justify Pakistani military intervention from across the border at an opportune moment on the pretext of protecting co-religionists. However, notwithstanding a few riots like Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Baroda, India's secular fabric, although tested to the maximum, proved stronger and resilient. India's protests in global forums continued to fall on deaf ears and threats to launch preemptive strikes on terrorist camps in Pakistan were rejected by many of these same Western powers who termed India's threat perception as exaggerated, that is until terror arrived at their doorsteps.

During the Cold War, a military dictatorship in Pakistan that supported jihad against the Soviets served American interests well and was preferable as an ally rather than the world's largest democracy (India) that chose to remain non-aligned. Pakistan's powerful Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) agency helped the US organise and supervise the mujahedin groups through provision of strategic inputs, financial support, intelligence and sophisticated military hardware. More importantly it provided fresh recruits from the innumerable madrasas along the Afghan border that drew millions of impoverished boys and youth who were provided food, arms training and dreams of religious martyrdom in a war against the infidels, propagated through religious education by mullahs that were adherents of the militant Wahabi branch of Sunni Islam and received funds from the Saudis. This story is of course now well known. The Jihadi Frankenstein that the US helped create to defeat the Soviets now continues to haunt it. The US and its allies now rue the missed chance of finishing the remnants of the Al-Qaeda during the attack on Tora Bora. A military dictatorship is back on the saddle in Islamabad after several failed attempts to establish parliamentary democracy. Some sections of the same ISI continue to remain the main backers of the Al-Qaeda and the Taliban and the terrorist training camps and madrasas continue to thrive. It is believed by some that Osama bin Laden continues to regularly receive his dialysis treatments in Pakistani hospitals while Mullah Omar waxes eloquent spewing fire and venom against the infidels in open public forums in Quetta. The fundamentalist Jamiat e Islami party is a major political ally to a civilian government propped up by General Musharraf and continues to extract its pound of flesh by deriving both overt and covert support for its satellites that include the notorious Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) terrorist group.

While General Musharraf continues to plead innocence and pledges loyalty and support to the US war on terror, Afghan, Indian and Western intelligence agencies are no longer under any illusion that the biggest obstacle to neutralising the Al-Qaeda and Taliban marauders in Afghanistan and terrorists in Kashmir is the support and protection these groups receive across the border from Pakistan. The campaigns undertaken by Pakistani rangers and army units to prevent incursions into Jammu and Kashmir and into Afghanistan from the tribal areas along the Afghan border can be called, at best, tokenistic and ineffective. More recently the Pakistan Government stopped the patrolling by security units along the Afghan border on the pretext of building amicable relations and fixing deals with the tribal warlords and jirgas in order to enlist their support against terrorism. The fact that subsequent successes in trapping terrorists have been even fewer and too far between attests to the real motivation behind such a step. It is not credible that the ISI and an army that could lay and execute sophisticated plans as in Kargil or the recent killing of Nawab Akbar Bugti, the Baluchi leader, could have such a poor record in containing terrorist groups and infrastructure. Little surprise then that General Musharraf should reject charges by the Afghan government of Pakistan's complicity in the resurgence of Al-Qaeda and Taliban forces in Afghanistan. Musharraf and his government also refuse to act on the proof submitted by Mumbai police on the involvement of Pakistani terrorists in the Mumbai train bombings in July 2006. Musharraf's government also refuses to hand over to India Dawood Ibrahim, the principal figure behind the Mumbai 1993 bombing, who remains sheltered in Karachi as a guest of the ISI. It is amazing, however, that even as global suspicion that the Pakistan Government is playing a double game continues to grow stronger, there is not more pressure on Musharraf from the US and its allies for a serious and sustained crackdown on the jihadis. The Pakistani Government is accountable both to its own people and the global community for its failure to rein in terrorism and the active support that some of its own elements continue to provide the terrorists. The biggest threat is to Pakistan itself, which faces the prospect of being consumed by the fire that it has lit.

WATCHPOINT: Can India and the global community do business with Pakistan while it continues to sponsor terrorism? Can Pakistan save itself from the scourge of Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism?

Rana Ganguly, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra.

York Centre for Asian Research (YCAR). For comment and information, contact
Ste. 270 York Lanes, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3. Web: