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Scholarly Literature and Literature Reviews

The Retention Council strives to provide its members access to current scholarly literature on the topic of retention to support and guide members' student programming, program assessment and knowledge development in the area of retention. Members are encouraged to submit items of interest for display on this page to Retention Council Secretary, Carolyn Cannon at


Habley, W. (2005). Why bother with academic advising?Graduation Rates Conference, University of Texas System. September 30, 2005. Retrieved January 12, 2009 from

Peer Mentoring

Fisher-Stitt, N.S., Tam, L. (2008). Enhancing Performance: The Effectiveness of a Faculty of Fine Arts Peer Mentoring Program. Paper presented at the 21st International Conference on the First-Year Experience.

Tinto, V. (2006). Student Success and the Building of Involving Educational Communities. Retrieved January 12, 2009 from


Educational Policy Institute, (2008). Engaging faculty and staff: An imperative for fostering retention, advising, and smart borrowing. Round Rock, Texas: Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation.

Gravestock, P. & Gregor-Greenleaf, E. (2008). Student Course Evaluations: Research, Models and Trends. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. Retrieved January 22, 2009 from Course Evaluations.pdf

Jaeger, A. &Eagan, K. (2010). Examining Retention and Contingent Faculty Use in a State System of Public Higher Education. Retreived June 13, 2010 from

Kolowich, S. Can you Hear Me Now?Inside Higher Ed, August 19, 2010

Tinto, V. (Fall, 1999). Taking retention seriously: Rethinking the first year of college. NACADA Journal, 19(2), 5-9.

Umbach, P. D., & Wawrzynski, M. R. (2004, June). Faculty do matter: The role of college faculty in student learning and engagement. Paper presented at the annual forum of the Association for Institutional Research, Boston, MA.

Zhao, C. & Kuh, G. D. (2004). Adding value: Learning communities and student engagement. Research in Higher Education, 45 , 115-138.

Student Engagement

Kuh, George D. et. al. (2008). Unmasking the effects of student engagement on first-year college grades and persistence. The Journal of Higher Education 79(5), 540-563.

National Survey of Student Engagement (2008). Promoting Engagement for All Students: The Imperative to Look Within. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, Center for Postsecondary Research. Retrieved January 23, 2009, from

Schreiner, L.A., Linking Student Satisifaction and Retention. Noel-Levitz Inc. 2009

Data and Resources

Tinto, V. (2006). The Assessment of Student Retention Programs. Paper presented at the Faculty Convocation at Maricopa College, Phoenix, AZ.

Gottheil, S. and Smith, C. (2008). Enrollment or Enrolment: Implementing SEM in Canada, AACRAO Webinar.

General Resources on Retention

Campbell, C.M., Mislevy, J., n.d. Students' Perceptions Matter: Early Signs of Undergraduate Student Retention/Attrition.

Conrad, M. &Morris, K. (2010). Shifting from Retention Rates to Retention Risk: An Alternate Approach for Managing Institutional Student Retention Performance. Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. 2010.

Coughlan, S. Facebook "cuts student drop-outs." BBC News Education. 2009

Day, L., Hanson, K., Maltby, J., Proctor, C., Wood, A. Hope uniquely predicts objective academic achievement about intelligence, personality, and previous academic achievement.Journal of Research in Personality. 2010

Finnie, R., Childs, S., Wismer, A. First Generation Post-Secondary Education Students. Mesa Project, L-SIS Resarch Brief, 2010.

Habley, W., Valiga, M., What Works In Student Retention 2010 Study; Public Four-Year Colleges and Univerisites. ACT Inc., 2010.

Human Resources and Social Development Canada & Association of Canadian Community Colleges (2007). Pan-Canadian Study of First Year College Students. Report I Student Characteristics and the College Experience. Retrieved January 23, 2009, from

Kuh, G.D., Kinzie, J., Buckley, J., Bridges, B., & Hayek, J.C. (2006). What Matters to Student Success: A Review of Literature. Final report for the National Postsecondary Education Cooperative and National Center for Education Statistics. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research.

Moltz, D. (2009). Early Pomp and Circumstance. Inside Higher Ed, September 9, 2009.

National Survey of Student Engagement (2006). Engaged Learning: Fostering Success for All Students. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, Center for Postsecondary Research. Retrieved January 23, 2009, from

National Survey of Student Engagement (2007). Experiences That Matter: Enhancing Student Learning and Success. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University, Center for Postsecondary Research.

Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations. 2010. Paid work during school year hinders students' studies.

Palameta, B., Voyer, J.P. Willingness to Pay for Post-secondary Education Among Under-represented Groups. Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. 2010

Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation. (2007). A Clear and Present Danger to Institutional and Student Success; a training model.

Tinto, V. (2006-2007). Research and Practice of Stude nt Retention: What Next? Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 8(1), 1-20. Retrieved January 23, 2009, from

Tinto, V., & Pusser, B. (2006). Moving From theory to Action: Building a Model of Institutional Action for Student Success. Washington, DC: National Postsecondary Education Cooperative. Retrieved, January 23, 2009 from

Tinto, V. (2007). Access without Support is not Opportunity. [Slides from a lecture presentation delivered on Wednesday, October 24 at OISE Education Commons, to mark the official launch of the Centre for the Study of Students in Postsecondary Education.]

Wiggers, R. & Arnold, C.(2011). Defining, Measuring and Achieving "Student Success" in Ontario Colleges and Universities. HEQCO Issue Paper 10.

Year to Year Transition

Bond, B. & Manser, R. (2009) Emotional Intelligence Interventions to Increase Student Success. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.

Dunn, R. & Carfagnini. First Year Transitions: An Evaluation of Nipissing University UNIV101. Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario. 2010.

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