Conference on Slavery, Islam, and Diaspora

Conference organizer:
Harriet Tubman Resource Centre on the African Diaspora
Department of History
York University

Oct 24- 26, 2003

Calumet College

Conference Programme
Thursday, October 23, 2003
12:00-8:00         Arrival and Registration

Harriet Tubman Resource Centre on the African Diaspora, 202B Founders College
Friday, October 24, 2003
8:00-9:00         Registration and Tea/Coffee (214 Calumet College)

9:00-10:00        Welcome and Opening Remarks

Paul Lovejoy, Director, Harriet Tubman Resource Centre on the African Diaspora
Adrian Shubert, Associate Vice-President International
Ismael M. Montana, Graduate Program in History

John Hunwick, Northwestern University, on Nehemia Levtzion

10:00-11:30    Panel 1: The African Diaspora in the Indian Ocean

Chair: Mohamad Tavakoli-Targhi (University of Toronto)

Thomas Vernet (Université Paris 1, Pantheon-Sorbonne), Slave Trade and Slavery on the Swahili Coast, 1500-1750

R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram (University of Nevada), "Black Pearls": The African Household Slaves of a Nineteenth Century Iranian Merchant Family
Alia Paroo (York University), The Ismailis in East Africa from 1835 to 1914

Discussant: Michael Salman (UCLA)

11:30-1:15        Lunch (Founders College)

1:15-2:45        Panel 2: Slavery in North Africa

Chair: José C. Curto (York University)

George Michael La Rue (Clarion University), "Dying like Sheep with the Rot": The Health of Enslaved Sudanese in the Egyptian Army Myth and Reality, 1820-1835

Benjamin Brower (Cornell University), The Servile Populations of the Algerian Oases Seen Through the French Colonial Archives

Kim Searcy (Indiana University), Mahdist Proclamations on Slavery, the Slave Trade and Emancipation: 1885-1898

Discussant: John Hunwick (Northwestern University)

2:45-3:00        Coffee/Tea

3:00-4:30        Panel 3: Slavery Beyond the Mediterranean

Chair: Rina Cáceres (Universidad de Costa Rica)

Behnaz Mirzai Asl (York University), Commerce and the Dispersal of Africans in Persia

Abdul Sheriff (Zanzibar Museums), Slavery in Early Islam and the Social Composition of the Zanj Rebellion

Maryna Kravets (University of Toronto), Blacks beyond the Black Sea: Eunuchs in the Crimean Khanate

Discussant: Martin Klein (University of Toronto)

4:45-6:15        Panel 4: African Muslims in the Americas
Chair: Carolyn Brown (Rutgers University)

Sultana Afroz (University of West Indies, Mona), Setting the Record Straight, the Invincibility of Islam in Jamaica

Maureen Warner-Lewis (University of West Indies, Mona), Religious Constancy and Compromise Among Nineteenth Century Caribbean-Based African Muslims

Jalani Niaah (University of West Indies, Mona), "Not a Continent for an Island": Rastafari, Representations and History

Discussant: Paul E. Lovejoy (York University)

6:30            Reception and Music
Saturday, October 25, 2003
8:30-9:00         Coffee/Tea (214 Calumet College)

9:00-9:45        KEYNOTE

Introduction: Behnaz Mirzai Asl (York University)

Ehud R. Toledano (Tel-Aviv University), Ottoman Slaves as Individuals, Ottoman Slavery as a Relationship

Presentation: Yacine Daddi Addoun (York University)

9:45-11:15     Panel 5: Slavery in the Maghreb

Chair: Renée Soulodre-La France (King's College, University of Western Ontario)

Chouki El Hamel (Arizona State University), Writing Moroccan Slavery: Slave Registers and Slave Definition

Yacine Daddi Addoun (York University), Racialization of Slavery: The End of "White-European" Slavery in Algeria: 1816-1830
Ismael Musah Montana (York University), Religious Identity and Social Consciousness of the Black Slave Community of Tunis in the Nineteenth Century

Discussant: Thabit Abdullah (York University)            

11:15-12:45    Panel 6: Islam and the Abolition of Slavery

Chair: David Trotman (York University)
Amal Ghazal (University of Alberta), Debating Slavery: Abolition between Muslim Reformers and Conservatives

Emad Ahmed Helal (Cairo University), The Anti-Slavery Movement in Nineteenth Century Egypt Between Shari`a and Practice
Bernard K. Freamon (Seton Hall Law School), The 'Ulama' and the Abolition of Slavery in Nineteenth Century Egypt: The Role of the Modernists

Discussant: Ehud R. Toledano (Tel-Aviv University)

12:45-2:00    Lunch

2:00-3:30    Panel 7: Islam and Slavery in the Central and Western Sudan
Chair: Kwabena Akurang-Parry (Shippensburg University)

Jennifer Lofkrantz (York University), Power Dynamics, Society, and Ransoming of New Captives and Long-Term Slaves in West and North-West Africa in the Nineteenth Century

Olatunji Ojo (York University), Islam, Ethnicity and Slave Resistance: Hausa 'Mamluks' in Nineteenth Century Yorubaland

Mohammed Bashir Salau (York University), Slaves in a Muslim City: A Survey of Slavery in Nineteenth Century Kano

Bruce Hall (University of Illinois) Bellah Highwaymen: Slave Banditry and Crime in Colonial Northern Mali

Discussant: Femi Kolapo (University of Guelph)   
3:30-3:45    Coffee/Tea

3:45-5:15    Panel 8: Conceptions of Slavery and Emancipation

Chair: Michele Johnson (York University)

Ibrahim Hamza (York University), Some Historical and Cultural Definitions of Slavery and Freedom Among the Hausa People

John Philips (Hirosaki University), Reconciling Definitions of Slavery

Osman Tastan (Ankara University), On the Notion of Slavery in Islamic Law: The Concept of Rights and Liberties Encountering the Historical Social Realities

Discussant: Sean Stilwell (University of Vermont)
Sunday, October 26, 2003
10:00-10:30     Coffee/Tea (214 Calumet College)

10:30-12:00    Panel 9: Slavery in Brazil

Chair: A. Sydney Kanya-Forstner (York University)

José Cairus (York University), "Brothers," "Partners" and "Clubs": Muslim Brotherhood and Sufi Practices in the Diaspora in the Shadow of the Muslim Uprising's Criminal Court Trials Sources, Bahia (1835)

Nikolay Dobronravin (Saint-Petersburg State University), Multilingual Arabic-script Literacy in 19-th Century Brazil and Trinidad: New Sources in Dublin, Havre and Salvador (Bahia)

Mariza C. Soares (Vanderbilt University) and Juliana B. Farias (UFF), Religious Tolerance: Black Muslims among White Christians in 19th and Early 20th Century in Rio de Janeiro

Discussant: Joseph C. Miller (University of Virginia)
12:00-1:30      Lunch

1:30-2:30       Closing Remarks

    Paul E. Lovejoy, Slavery, the Bilad al-Sudan and the Frontiers of the African Diaspora

2:30                Vote of Thanks: Mohammed Bashir Salau

Department of History, York University,  Toronto, Canada
Fax: (416) 650-8173