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Summer camp conversations lead boys to have more positive views of girls’ STEM ability

Summer camp conversations lead boys to have more positive views of girls’ STEM ability

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Summer camp conversations lead boys to have more positive views of girls’ STEM ability

TORONTO, Oct. 5, 2023 – Negative stereotypes of girls and women in science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM) persist, but York University researchers have designed a brief intervention that makes a big difference toward improving boys' gendered beliefs.

The researchers recruited 667 boys, aged 9 to 15, who were attending STEM summer camps and randomly assigned them to either an intervention or control conversation with a staff member – all undergraduate or graduate students in STEM.

The intervention conversation involved a multi-stage persuasive appeal. Trained staff affirmed the boys’ most important values, gave an illustration of why girls' STEM ability is commonly underestimated (with a genuine personal anecdote), and asked boys to reflect on their own similar experiences. The control group discussed general camp experiences.

Headshot of York University Professor Jennifer Steele
Jennifer Steele

“We were happy to see that a brief intervention could have such a positive effect on how boys view girls in STEM,” says York University Professor Jennifer Steele of the Faculty of Health and a co-author of the study. “Providing strong evidence of girls’ potential in STEM went a long way toward encouraging boys to form more positive perceptions of their female peers.”

The research, led by Emily Cyr, a York University SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow, also found that the boys with more positive perceptions of girls’ STEM ability ended up having more female friends. The findings highlight the importance of engaging elementary-school-aged boys to make STEM climates more inclusive.

“This kind of intervention could go a long way in tackling the persistent barriers women face when trying to feel a sense of belonging and flourish in STEM higher education and careers,” says Cyr. “The difference with this study is that we addressed these gender gaps in childhood before girls are pushed out of STEM.”

The researchers say being able to change boys’ perception early on could make a big difference to girls when it comes time to choose which courses to take at the high school level. These early decisions to take prerequisite courses, such as Grade 11 physics, would better position girls for STEM higher education and beyond.

The paper, Girls are good at STEM: Opening minds and providing evidence reduce boys' stereotyping of girls' STEM ability, was published in the journal Child Development. The research was supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) partnership grant.

York University is a modern, multi-campus, urban university located in Toronto, Ontario. Backed by a diverse group of students, faculty, staff, alumni and partners, we bring a uniquely global perspective to help solve societal challenges, drive positive change and prepare our students for success. York's fully bilingual Glendon Campus is home to Southern Ontario's Centre of Excellence for French Language and Bilingual Postsecondary Education. York’s campuses in Costa Rica and India offer students exceptional transnational learning opportunities and innovative programs. Together, we can make things right for our communities, our planet, and our future.

Media Contact: Sandra McLean, York University Media Relations and External Communications, 416-272-6317,