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Program-based Placements (PBP)

Students are given the opportunity to develop competencies and skills in organizational work environments that augment the theories/concepts learned in academic program settings. Students apply theories and concepts from their program work in a practice-based work environment and reflect upon their actions. Students engage in activities where they practice the discipline or program specific competencies; they receive program credit for doing so but (generally) are not paid. Program-based placements are also known as fieldwork, field placements or practica (e.g. Education, Nursing, Social Economy or Social Work).

Key Features

How do students engage in EE?

Students engage in work activities where they practice the discipline or program specific competencies and skills in an authentic work context.

To what extent are community partners engaged/involved?

The experience requires a shared understanding between the academic program and the community partner/placement site of expectations and student capabilities; as well, such placements require a formal agreement between York University and the placement site to address various issues such as confidentiality, insurance coverage, risk management etc.

Is priority given to student learning outcomes or community partner needs?

Work is structured so that it benefits both student learning and the partner organization.

How long and how frequently do these experiences occur?

The program-based placement experience may be full-time or part-time and requires that students periodically return to class to share their experiences and make meaning of their time 'in the field’. The length of program-based placements can vary depending on the degree requirements for the practicum.

How are students remunerated?

Degree-based placements are required as part of the degree program. Students are evaluated (e.g. report, sponsor evaluation, self-evaluation, etc.) on their program-based placement performance as part of their final grade in the program-based placement. Program-based placements are typically unpaid work experiences.

Course Example

Faculty of Education: Concurrent BEd Program Practicum

The first year field placement explores schools and their communities. EE Component: Candidates spend 50 hours in this field placement during their first year in the program. The second and third year practica occur in schools and classrooms. This long-term association with a school’s program allows the candidate to observe the development of the curriculum and pupils over the course of the school year and to acquire an understanding of the school and its community. Over the three year period of the program, every attempt is made to familiarize candidates with different boards in the area, pupils of different age levels, a range of school offerings and a variety of social groups of pupils.


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