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BEEc Library

Wild Bees Of Eastern North America

A guide to common pollinators and wildflowers

by: Katherine Odanaka, Josh Hall, Sabine Nooten & Sandra Rehan

The Rehan Lab focuses on wild bee research. We have special interest in pollinator biodiversity, behaviour, and evolution. This guide joins other educational books published to explore the regional native bee faunas of New England, California and the Great Lakes region. Our mission is to provide information about wild bees in eastern North America including information on their diversity, nesting biology, ecology, and flower associations to increase our understanding and awareness of pollinators and the services they provide.

This book was produced to give a brief introduction to the wild bees of eastern North America. We provide relevant information regarding their biology and pictures of commonly encountered wild bees and native wildflowers ideal for bees, as well as information detailing wild bee declines throughout eastern North America. Within this guide we have also included helpful and easy ways to identify commonly encountered bees and some frequent bee mimics.

Current pollinator conservation practices encourage the planting of wild flowers to provide both nesting and foraging resources. In this guide, we provide seasonally available wildflowers that are frequently visited by bees. We have included a section detailing the close ties between humans and wild bees, outlining how dependent we are on their ecological services and why it is important to conserve pollinators.

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Bumble Bees of North America

An Identification Guide

by: Paul H. WilliamsRobbin W. ThorpLeif L. Richardson, and Sheila R. Colla

The essential guide for identifying the bumble bees of North America

More than ever before, there is widespread interest in studying bumble bees and the critical role they play in our ecosystems. Bumble Bees of North America is the first comprehensive guide to North American bumble bees to be published in more than a century. Richly illustrated with color photographs, diagrams, range maps, and graphs of seasonal activity patterns, this guide allows amateur and professional naturalists to identify all 46 bumble bee species found north of Mexico and to understand their ecology and changing geographic distributions.

The book draws on the latest molecular research, shows the enormous color variation within species, and guides readers through the many confusing convergences between species. It draws on a large repository of data from museum collections and presents state-of-the-art results on evolutionary relationships, distributions, and ecological roles. Illustrated keys allow identification of color morphs and social castes.

A landmark publication, Bumble Bees of North America sets the standard for guides and the study of these important insects.

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Measuring Arthropod Biodiversity

A Handbook of Sampling Methods

by: Jean Carlos Santos & Geraldo Wilson Fernandes

Laurence Packer has co-authored a chapter in "Measuring Arthropod Biodiversity". The
chapter is titled "Bees: how and why to sample them", check out the chapter abstract below and
click on the image to find the book:

A review of current capture and collection techniques for bees is presented. Information regarding primary collection techniques (i.e. netting, malaise traps, bowl traps, trap nests, visual surveys) along with issues of variability, bias, and the impacts of observers along with taxonomic impediments are discussed. Notable is the lack of standardization in any of these approaches along with a similar sparsity of statistical evaluation of the methodologies themselves. Practitioners deploy these and several lesser-known techniques, in a great many ways. We are at the beginning of a learning curve on how to develop accurate and precise research and monitoring tools for bee populations, and it is clear that there is much to learn.

Link to the eBook