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Biology

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Overview

The Biology program, York’s longest-established scientific program, is home to internationally-recognized teaching and research faculty. The science of biology encompasses the study of all living organisms, from the molecular level to the level of ecosystems. The program offers you a diversity of courses from across the discipline, providing you with the flexibility to choose courses from many different areas or to specialize in a particular field of life science, such as molecular and structural biology, genetics, cell biology, ecology or physiology. Biology is offered as both a three and four year program, with a range of double majors and major/minor options.

An International BSc (iBSc) is also available, allowing you to combine a Biology major with international courses, new cultural experiences and language study. Graduates are well prepared for careers in medicine, biotechnology, management and policy development, medical and biological research, animal biology, and a diversity of other fields in many Biology-related industries in Toronto and beyond.

Includes: Conservation Ecology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Animal Biology (Zoology), Animal Physiology, Genetics/Molecular Genetics, Plant Science, Evolution and Ecology, Professional School Preparation

12U Requirements

  • English - ENG4U
  • Biology - SBI4U
  • Chemistry - SCH4U
  • Advanced Functions - MHF4U
  • Physics (recommended)

Requirements

  • Highest level Biology
  • Highest level Chemistry
  • Highest level Mathematics

Requirements will vary depending on your curriculum, to see a full list of course equivalents, please visit: https://futurestudents.yorku.ca/program/biology/science

Typical First-Year Courses

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Use
  • Calculus
  • General Education course

Curriculum

Residency RequirementsA minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.
Graduation RequirementTo graduate in a Specialized Honours program requires successful completion of all Faculty requirements and departmental required courses, a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 6.00 (B) over all biology courses completed, and a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 5.00 (C+) over all courses completed.
General EducationNon-science requirement: 12 credits from at least 2 different disciplines.

To see a list of possible courses, please visit: https://www.yorku.ca/science/my-degree/program-requirements/choosing-non-science-general-education-courses/
Non-Major Science RequirementsMathematics: SC/MATH 1506 3.00 and SC/MATH 1507 3.00, or six credits from SC/MATH 1013 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1025 3.00;

Computer science: LE/EECS 1520 3.00 or LE/EECS 1530 3.00 or LE/EECS 1540 3.00;

Foundational science: one of SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 and SC/CHEM 1001 3.00 (prerequisites for SC/BIOL 2020 3.00 and SC/CHEM 2020 3.00); SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00; SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1421 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1422 3.00; SC/PHYS 1011 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1012 3.00.
Major CoreThe program core (24 credits) is defined as:
SC/BIOL 1000 3.00 and SC/BIOL 1001 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2070 3.00 or SC/BIOL 2080 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2060 3.00

Additional courses from the following for a total of at least 18 2000-level credits: SC/BIOL 2010 4.00, SC/BIOL 2020 3.00, SC/BIOL 2021 3.00, SC/BIOL 2030 4.00, SC/BIOL 2040 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 4.00,SC/BIOL 2070 3.00, SC/BIOL 2080 3.00
Major CreditsThe program core, as specified above (24 credits);
SC/BIOL 4000 8.00 or SC/BIOL 4000 3.00;

Additional credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, as required for an overall total of at least 68 credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, including at least 18 credits at the 3000 or higher level, of which at least 12 credits are at the 4000 level
Upper Level RequirementA minimum of 42 credits at the 3000 level or above.
Science BreadthA total of 24 credits in science disciplines outside the major, of which three credits must be at the 2000 level or above. 15 of these 24 credits are satisfied by the General Education requirement. In the biomedical science and biotechnology streams, this requirement is fully satisfied by the above requirements.
Additional Elective CreditsAdditional elective credits, as required, for an overall total of 120 credits.
Residency RequirementsA minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.
Graduation RequirementTo graduate in a Specialized Honours program requires successful completion of all Faculty requirements and departmental required courses, a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 6.00 (B) over all biology courses completed, and a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 5.00 (C+) over all courses completed.
General EducationNon-science requirement: 12 credits from at least 2 different disciplines.

To see a list of possible courses, please visit: https://www.yorku.ca/science/my-degree/program-requirements/choosing-non-science-general-education-courses/
Non-Major Science RequirementsMathematics: SC/MATH 1506 3.00 and SC/MATH 1507 3.00, or six credits from SC/MATH 1013 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1025 3.00;

Computer science: LE/EECS 1520 3.00 or LE/EECS 1530 3.00 or LE/EECS 1540 3.00;

Foundational science: one of SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 and SC/CHEM 1001 3.00 (prerequisites for SC/BIOL 2020 3.00 and SC/CHEM 2020 3.00); SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00; SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1421 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1422 3.00; SC/PHYS 1011 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1012 3.00.
Major CoreThe program core (24 credits) is defined as:
SC/BIOL 1000 3.00 and SC/BIOL 1001 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2070 3.00 or SC/BIOL 2080 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2060 3.00

Additional courses from the following for a total of at least 18 2000-level credits: SC/BIOL 2010 4.00, SC/BIOL 2020 3.00, SC/BIOL 2021 3.00, SC/BIOL 2030 4.00, SC/BIOL 2040 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 4.00,SC/BIOL 2070 3.00, SC/BIOL 2080 3.00
Major CreditsThe program core, as specified above (24 credits);
SC/BIOL 4000 8.00 or SC/BIOL 4000 3.00;

Additional credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, as required for an overall total of at least 68 credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, including at least 18 credits at the 3000 or higher level, of which at least 12 credits are at the 4000 level
Upper Level RequirementA minimum of 42 credits at the 3000 level or above.
Science BreadthA total of 24 credits in science disciplines outside the major, of which three credits must be at the 2000 level or above. 15 of these 24 credits are satisfied by the General Education requirement. In the biomedical science and biotechnology streams, this requirement is fully satisfied by the above requirements.
Additional Elective CreditsAdditional elective credits, as required, for an overall total of 120 credits.
Residency RequirementsA minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.
Graduation RequirementA minimum overall grade point average of 4.00 (C) is required in order to be eligible to graduate with a BSc degree (bachelor program).
General EducationNon-science requirement: 12 credits from at least 2 different disciplines.

To see a list of possible courses, please visit: https://www.yorku.ca/science/my-degree/program-requirements/choosing-non-science-general-education-courses/
Non-Major Science RequirementsMathematics: SC/MATH 1506 3.00 and SC/MATH 1507 3.00, or six credits from SC/MATH 1013 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1025 3.00;

Computer science: LE/EECS 1520 3.00 or LE/EECS 1530 3.00 or LE/EECS 1540 3.00;

Foundational science: one of SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 and SC/CHEM 1001 3.00 (prerequisites for SC/BIOL 2020 3.00 and SC/CHEM 2020 3.00); SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00; SC/ISCI 1310 6.00; SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1421 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1422 3.00; SC/PHYS 1011 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1012 3.00; SC/ISCI 1301 3.00 and SC/ISCI 1302 3.00.
Major CoreThe program core (24 credits) is defined as:
SC/BIOL 1000 3.00 and SC/BIOL 1001 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2070 3.00 or SC/BIOL 2080 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2060 3.00

Additional courses from the following for a total of at least 18 2000-level credits: SC/BIOL 2010 4.00, SC/BIOL 2020 3.00, SC/BIOL 2021 3.00, SC/BIOL 2030 4.00, SC/BIOL 2040 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 4.00,SC/BIOL 2070 3.00, SC/BIOL 2080 3.00.
Major CreditsThe program core specified above (24 credits);

Additional credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, as required for an overall total of at least 46 credits from biology courses, including at least 12 credits at the 3000 level or above.
Upper Level RequirementA minimum of 18 credits at the 3000 level or above.
Science Breadth24 credits in science disciplines outside the major, of which three credits must be at the 2000 level or above. 15 of these 24 credits are satisfied by the General Education requirement.
Additional Elective Credits Additional elective credits, as required, for an overall total of 90 credits.

Residency RequirementsA minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.
Graduation RequirementAll Honours iBSc degree candidates must complete an international component in addition to the normal requirements of biology and the BSc. For further information about the international Bachelor of Science, refer to the International Bachelor of Arts and International Bachelor of Science in the Faculty of Science programs of study section.

To graduate in a Specialized Honours program requires successful completion of all Faculty requirements and departmental required courses, a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 6.00 (B) over all biology (SC/BIOL) courses completed, and a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 5.00 (C+) over all courses completed.
General EducationNon-science requirement: 12 credits from at least 2 different disciplines (may be satisfied in whole or part by courses in the international component).

To see a list of possible courses, please visit: https://www.yorku.ca/science/my-degree/program-requirements/choosing-non-science-general-education-courses/
Non-Major Science RequirementsMathematics: SC/MATH 1506 3.00 and SC/MATH 1507 3.00, or six credits from SC/MATH 1013 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1025 3.00;

Computer science: LE/EECS 1520 3.00 or LE/EECS 1530 3.00 or LE/EECS 1540 3.00;

Foundational science: one of SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 and SC/CHEM 1001 3.00 (prerequisites for SC/BIOL 2020 3.00 and SC/CHEM 2020 3.00); SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00; SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1421 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1422 3.00; SC/PHYS 1011 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1012 3.00.
Major CoreThe program core (24 credits) is defined as:
SC/BIOL 1000 3.00 and SC/BIOL 1001 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2070 3.00 or SC/BIOL 2080 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2060 3.00

Additional courses from the following for a total of at least 18 2000-level credits: SC/BIOL 2010 4.00, SC/BIOL 2020 3.00, SC/BIOL 2021 3.00, SC/BIOL 2030 4.00, SC/BIOL 2040 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 4.00,SC/BIOL 2070 3.00, SC/BIOL 2080 3.00.
Major CreditsThe program core as specified above (24 credits);

SC/BIOL 4000 8.00 or SC/BIOL 4000 3.00;

Additional credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, as required for an overall total of at least 62 credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, including at least 18 credits at the 3000 or higher level, of which at least 12 credits are at the 4000 level.
Upper Level RequirementA minimum of 42 credits at the 3000 level or above.
Science Breadth24 credits in science disciplines outside the major, of which three credits must be at the 2000 level or above. 15 of these 24 credits are satisfied by the above requirements.
Additional Elective CreditsAdditional elective credits, as required, for an overall total of 120 credits
Additional iBSc RequirementsA minimum of 12 credits of language study in one of the languages offered at York University;

A minimum of 12 credits of non-science courses with an international component (refer to sample list of courses in the section on international degrees), which will also serve to meet the non-science requirement of the general education component;

An additional six credits of language study or non-science international component courses, for a total of 30 credits;
one to two exchange terms abroad as a full-time student at an institution with which York University has a formal exchange agreement.
Residency RequirementsA minimum of 30 course credits and at least half (50 per cent) of the course credits required in each undergraduate degree program major/minor must be taken at York University.
Graduation RequirementAll Honours iBSc degree candidates must complete an international component in addition to the normal requirements of biology and the BSc. For further information about the international Bachelor of Science, refer to the International Bachelor of Arts and International Bachelor of Science in the Faculty of Science programs of study section.

To graduate in an Honours program requires successful completion of all Faculty requirements and departmental required courses, a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 5.00 (C+) over all biology (SC/BIOL) courses completed, and a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 5.00 (C+) over all courses completed.
General EducationNon-science requirement: 12 credits from at least 2 different disciplines.

To see a list of possible courses, please visit: https://www.yorku.ca/science/my-degree/program-requirements/choosing-non-science-general-education-courses/ 
Non-Major Science RequirementsNon-science requirement: 12 credits (may be satisfied in whole or part by courses in the international component).

Mathematics: SC/MATH 1506 3.00 and SC/MATH 1507 3.00, or six credits from SC/MATH 1013 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1025 3.00;

Computer science: LE/EECS 1520 3.00 or LE/EECS 1530 3.00 or LE/EECS 1540 3.00;

Foundational science: one of SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 and SC/CHEM 1001 3.00 (prerequisites for SC/BIOL 2020 3.00 and SC/CHEM 2020 3.00); SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00; SC/ISCI 1310 6.00; SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1421 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1422 3.00; SC/PHYS 1011 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1012 3.00.
Major CoreThe program core (24 credits) is defined as:
SC/BIOL 1000 3.00 and SC/BIOL 1001 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2070 3.00 or SC/BIOL 2080 3.00;
SC/BIOL 2060 3.00

Additional courses from the following for a total of at least 18 2000-level credits: SC/BIOL 2010 4.00, SC/BIOL 2020 3.00, SC/BIOL 2021 3.00, SC/BIOL 2030 4.00, SC/BIOL 2040 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 3.00, SC/BIOL 2050 4.00,SC/BIOL 2070 3.00, SC/BIOL 2080 3.00.
Major CreditsThe program core as specified above (24 credits);

Additional credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses, as required, for an overall total of at least 45 credits from biology (SC/BIOL) courses; including at least 18 credits at the 3000 or higher level, of which at least 12 credits are at the 4000 level;
Upper Level RequirementA minimum of 42 credits at the 3000 level or above.
Science Breadth24 credits in science disciplines outside the major, of which three credits must be at the 2000 level or above. 15 of these 24 credits are satisfied by the above requirements.
Additional Elective CreditsAdditional elective credits, as required, for an overall total of 85 credits from science disciplines (including the major) and an overall total of 120 credits.
Additional iBSc RequirementsA minimum of 12 credits of language study in one of the languages offered at York University;

A minimum of 12 credits of non-science courses with an international component (refer to sample list of courses in the section on international degrees), which will also serve to meet the non-science requirement of the general education component;

An additional six credits of language study or non-science international component courses, for a total of 30 credits;
one to two exchange terms abroad as a full-time student at an institution with which York University has a formal exchange agreement.

Experiential Education

Experiential Education (EE) gives students the opportunity to apply theories learned in the classroom to concrete experiences. These experiences can occur within a course, community, or work/professional setting. The goal of EE is to deepen the learning objectives of a course or program, allowing students to better retain their knowledge of new concepts and be better prepared for life after graduation.

TypeJobTasks
InternshipBioprocessor Andra-Bio)Development of fermentation and biotransformation process for high-value flavours/ fragrance ingredients using engineered microorganisms

How to Apply

  1. Complete an Online Application Form.
  2. Pay the application fee.
  3. Submit supporting documents through the York University online portal, MyFile.
    • Within four business days of application, you will receive a confirmation email with your nine-digit student reference number, which will allow you to access your MyFile account and upload your documents.
    • It is important to check your MyFile regularly for any documents you are required to submit and updates to the status of your application.
    • More information about supporting documents, document processing times and decision processing times is available on the I’ve Applied page.

Important Note: Deadlines for each entry period (Fall, Winter & Summer) can be found on the York University Future Students Website.

Careers

A degree from the Faculty of Science opens the door to many different pathways and opportunities. York Science offers an ideal learning environment to achieve your highest potential. Our programs are known for academic excellence, with professors who are committed to your success.

Our Experiential Education Coordinator provides career support services to students looking to engage in experiential learning, including co-op and internship workshops, resume help, interview prep, and much more.

The Career Center at York offers free support and resources to students such as career development workshops, one-on-one appointments, networking events, and job boards.

Career Possibilities

  • Biology Research – academic, government, industry
  • Medical Research
  • Industry — technical information, product information, sales
  • Education — elementary, high school, college, university
  • Professional Schools – Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Law, Business, etc
  • Health Sciences — nurse, chiropodist, biomedical technician, genetic counselor, diagnostic histologist,
  • Environmental – conservationists, government agencies, environmental consultant, zoo keepers,
  • Agriculture — ecologist, plant biologist, geneticist, molecular biologist, biochemist, entomologist
  • Postgraduate Studies/Academic Career